1. How to sort a table by Column 1 and then by Column 2  (array formula)
2. How to sort a table by Column 1 and then by Column 2 (Right-click / Sort /Custom sort...)

### 1. How to sort a table by Column 1 and then by Column 2  (array formula)

Array formula in E2:

=INDEX(Descr, MATCH(SMALL(COUNTIF(Descr, "<"&Descr), ROW(1:1)), COUNTIF(Descr, "<"&Descr), 0)) + CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER

copied down as far as needed.

Array formula in F2:

=INDEX(Qty, MATCH(SMALL(COUNTIF(Descr, "<"&Descr)+(1/(COUNTIF(Qty, ">"&Qty)+1)), ROW(1:1)), COUNTIF(Descr, "<"&Descr)+(1/(COUNTIF(Qty, ">"&Qty)+1)), 0)) + CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER

copied down as far as needed.

### Named ranges

Descr (B2:B15)
Qty (B2:B15)
What is named ranges?

### Download excel sample file for this tutorial

Array formula sorts values in parallel.xls
(Excel 97-2003 Workbook *.xls)

IF(logical_test;[value_if:true];[value_if_false])
Checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE, and another value if FALSE

INDEX(array,row_num,[column_num])
Returns a value or reference of the cell at the intersection of a particular row and column, in a given range

SMALL(array,k) returns the k-th smallest row number in this data set.

ROW(reference) returns the rownumber of a reference

MATCH(lookup_value;lookup_array; [match_type])
Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value

COUNTIF(range,criteria)
Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given condition

### 2. How to sort a table by Column 1 and then by Column 2 (Right-click / Sort /Custom sort...)

1. Select range (B2:B15)
2. Right click and select sort
3. Click Custom sort..
4. Sort by "Description" and values from A to Z
5. Then by "Qty" and values from smallest to largest
6. Click ok.

External resources: