You are about to send your company products to customers. You have boxes you can send the products in.


You have 18 items of product A in your inventory (cell B2). The box for product A can hold up to 4 items (cell C2).

Quotient function1

How many boxes do you need for product A?

Yes, you can construct a formula for that but you don´t need to do that, there is a function in excel. Let me introduce the Quotient function.

Quotient function

The quotient function returns the integer portion of a division. Simple as that. QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator) There are two arguments, numerator is the dividend and the denominator is the divisor.

Quotient function2

The formula in cell D2:  =QUOTIENT(B2,C2) returns 4. If you divide 18 by 4, you get 4.5. The Quotient function returns 4 because  the integer part of 4.5 is 4.

Tip! There is an Integer function also in excel so this formula gives the same result: =INT(B2/C2).
Int function rounds a number down to the nearest integer.

The next question is how many products are left? Believe it or not, there is a function for that too.

Mod function

The Mod function returns the remainder after a number is divided by divisor.

mod function1

Formula in cell E2: =MOD(B2, C2)

18 divided by 4 is 4.5. The integer part of 4.5 is 4. 4 x 4 is 16. 18-16 is 2.
2 products are left.

You can use the mod function in a conditional formatting formula to highlight ever n-th row: Learn how the MOD function works

Download excel *.xlsx file

Quotient and mod functions.xlsx

If you want to learn more about array formulas join Advanced excel course.