Article updated on April 07, 2018

The DAVERAGE function calculates an average based on values in a list or database that meet specific conditions.

Formula in cell B15:


The formula calculates the average of the numbers in column 3 (D) whose size is M or L.

Excel Function Syntax

DAVERAGE(database, field, criteria)


database Required.  The cell reference to a list or database.
field Required. The field argument lets you choose which column to use. You can use the column name enclosed with double quotation marks or the corresponding column number.
criteria Required.  A cell reference to the criteria range. The criteria range needs to have column labels and a at least one condition below the column label.


Excel defines a database as a list of related data in which rows of related information are records, and columns of data are fields. The first row of the list contains labels for each column.

Allowed criteria range characters are less than and greater than signs <>, use them to specify a criteria range. Also, asterisks * can be used to match partial strings.

You can locate your criteria range wherever you want on your worksheet, however, it is not recommended below the list. The function needs a blank row below the list to work properly.

To include the entire list/database enter a blank line below the criteria range column labels.