## Excel Function Reference

Functions alphabetically | Functions by category

Functions are sorted from A to Z, click on a letter to quickly navigate in the table below.

Click on a link to get more detailed information about a function.

Function name | Description | Category |
---|---|---|

ABS function | Converts negative numbers to positive numbers. | Math and trigonometry |

ACCRINT function | Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest. | Financial |

ACCRINTM function | Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity. | Financial |

ACOS function | Calculates the arccosine, or inverse cosine, of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ACOSH function | Calculates the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ACOT function | Calculates the inverse cotangent of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ACOTH function | Calculates the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ADDRESS function | Returns the address of a specific cell, you need to provide a row and column number. | Lookup and reference |

AGGREGATE function | Perform different specific functions to a list or database. | Math and trigonometry |

AND function | Perform a logical test in each argument and if all arguments return TRUE the AND function returns TRUE. | Logical |

AREAS function | Returns the number of cell ranges and single cells in a reference. | Lookup and reference |

ASC function | Converts full-width (double-byte) characters to half-width (single-byte) characters. | Text |

ASIN function | Calculates the arcsine of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ASINH function | Calculates the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ATAN function | Calculates the arctangent of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

ATAN2 function | Calculates the arctangent of an angle using specific x- and y-coordinates. | Math and trigonometry |

ATANH function | Calculates the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

AVEDEV function | Calculates the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean. | Statistical |

AVERAGE function | Calculates the average of numbers in a cell range. | Statistical |

AVERAGEA function | Returns the average of a group of values. Text and boolean value FALSE evaluates to 0. TRUE to 1. | Statistical |

AVERAGEIF function | Returns the average of cell values that are valid for a given condition. | Statistical |

AVERAGEIFS function | Returns the average of cell values that evaluates to TRUE for multiple criteria. | Statistical |

BASE function | Converts a number into a text representation with a given radix (base). | Math and trigonometry |

BIN2DEC function | Converts a binary number to the decimal number system. | Engineering |

BIN2HEX function | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal. | Engineering |

BIN2OCT function | Converts a binary number to octal. | Engineering |

BITAND function | Calculates a bitwise 'AND' of two numbers. | Engineering |

BITLSHIFT function | Calculates a number whose binary representation is shifted left by a specified number of bits. | Engineering |

BITOR function | Performs a bitwise 'OR' of two numbers. | Engineering |

BITRSHIFT function | Calculates the number where the binary equivalent is shifted right by a specified number of bits and then converted back to a number. | Engineering |

BITXOR function | Calculates a decimal number that is a result of a bitwise comparison "XOR" of two numbers. | Engineering |

CEILING function | Rounds a number up to its nearest multiple. | Math and trigonometry |

CELL function | Gets information about the formatting, location, or the contents of a cell. | Information |

CHAR function | Converts a number to the corresponding ANSI character determined by your computers character set. | Text |

CHOOSE function | Gets a value based on a number. | Lookup and reference |

CLEAN function | Deletes the first 32 nonprinting characters in 7-bit ASCII code in your argument. | Text |

CODE function | Returns the corresponding number for the first character based on your computers character set. (PC- ANSI) | Text |

COLUMN function | Returns the column number of the top-left cell of a cell reference. | Lookup and reference |

COLUMNS function | Calculates the number of columns in a cell range. | Lookup and reference |

COMBIN function | Returns the number of combinations for a specific number of elements out of a larger group. | Math and trigonometry |

COMBINA function | Calculates the number of combinations for a given number of elements from a larger group of elements. | Math and trigonometry |

COMPLEX function | Returns a complex number based on a real and imaginary number. | Engineering |

CONCAT function | Concatenates values from multiple cells. | Text |

CONCATENATE function | Joins text strings. | Text |

CONFIDENCE function | Calculates the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution. | Compatibility |

CONVERT function | Converts a number from one measurement system to another. | Engineering |

CORREL function | Calculates the correlation between two groups of numbers. | Statistical |

COS function | Calculates the cosine of an angle. | Math and trigonometry |

COSH function | Calculates the hyperbolic cosine of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

COT function | Calculates the cotangent of an angle specified in radians. | Math and trigonometry |

COUNT function | Counts all numerical values in an argument. | Statistical |

COUNTA function | Counts the non-empty or blank cells in a cell range. | Statistical |

COUNTBLANK function | Counts empty or blank cells in a range. | Statistical |

COUNTIF function | Calculates the number of cells that is equal to a condition. | Statistical |

COUNTIFS function | Calculates the number of cells across multiple ranges that equals all given conditions. | Statistical |

CSC function | Calculates the cosecant of an angle (radians). | Math and trigonometry |

CUMIPMT function | Calculates the accumulated interest based on a start and end period on a loan. | Financial |

CUMPRINC function | Calculates the accumulated principal based on a start and end period on a loan. | Financial |

DATE function | Returns a number that acts as a date in the Excel environment. | Date and Time |

DATEDIF function | Returns the number of days, months, or years between two dates. The DATEDIF function exists in order to ensure compatibility with Louts 1-2-3. | Date and Time |

DATEVALUE function | Returns an Excel date value (serial number) based on a date stored as text. | Date and Time |

DAVERAGE function | Calculates an average based on values in a list or database that meet specific conditions. | Database |

DAY function | Extracts the day as a number from an Excel date. | Date and Time |

DAYS function | Calculates the number of days between two dates. | Date and Time |

DB function | Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a given period using the fixed-declining balance method. | Financial |

DCOUNT function | Counts cells containing numbers and that meet a condition or criteria. | Database |

DCOUNTA function | Counts nonempty cells in a column you specify, in a database where records also meet a condition or criteria. | Database |

DEC2BIN function | Converts a decimal number to a binary number. | Engineering |

DEC2HEX function | Converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number. | Engineering |

DEC2OCT function | Converts a decimal number to an octal number. | Engineering |

DECIMAL function | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number. | Math and trigonometry |

DEGREES function | Calculates degrees from radians. | Math and trigonometry |

DELTA function | Evaluates whether two numerical values are equal. | Engineering |

DGET function | Fetches a value from a column in a database whose records meet a condition or criteria. | Database |

DMAX function | Extracts the maximum number from a column in a database whose records match a condition or criteria. | Database |

DMIN function | Extracts the smallest number from a column in a database whose records match a condition or criteria. | Database |

DOLLARFR function | Converts a decimal number to its equivalent in fractional numbers, used in securities denominated in dollars. | Financial |

DPRODUCT function | Multiplies numbers that match a condition or criteria in a database. | Database |

DSTDEV function | Calculates an estimation of the standard deviation based on a sample of a population. The function also allows you to specify criteria applied to a database. | Database |

DSTDEVP function | Calculates the standard deviation based on a population. The function also allows you to specify criteria applied to a database. | Database |

DSUM function | Adds numbers in a database/list that meets a condition or criteria. | Database |

DVARP function | Returns the variance of an entire population. The numbers are in a column of records in a dataset or database that meets a given condition or criteria. | Database |

EDATE function | Returns a date determined by a start date and a number representing how many months. | Date and Time |

EFFECT function | Calculates the effective annual interest rate, given the nominal annual interest rate and the number of compounding periods per year. | Financial |

ENCODEURL function | Returns a URL-encoded string. | Web |

EOMONTH function | Returns an Excel date for the last day of a given month using a number and a start date. | Date and Time |

ERROR.TYPE function | Returns a number that represents one of the error values in Excel. | Information |

EVEN function | Rounds a number up to the nearest even whole number. | Math and trigonometry |

EXACT function | Checks if two values are precisely the same, it returns TRUE or FALSE. The EXACT function also considers upper case and lower case letters. | Text |

EXP function | Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904. | Math and trigonometry |

EXPON.DIST function | Returns the exponential distribution. Use EXPON.DIST to model the time between events. | Statistical |

FACT function | Returns the factorial of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

FACTDOUBLE function | Returns the double factorial of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

FALSE function | Returns the logical (boolean) value FALSE. | Logical |

FIND function | Returns the position of a specific string in another string, reading left to right. Note, the FIND function is case-sensitive. | Text |

FIXED function | Rounds a number to the specified number of decimals, formats the number in decimal format using a period and commas, and returns the result as text. | Text |

FLOOR function | Rounds a number down, toward zero, to the nearest multiple of significance. | Compatibility |

FLOOR.MATH function | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. | Math and trigonometry |

FORECAST.LINEAR function | Calculates a value based on existing x and y values using linear regression. | Statistical |

FORMULATEXT function | Returns a formula as a text string. | Lookup and reference |

FREQUENCY function | Calculates how often values occur within a range of values and then returns a vertical array of numbers. | Statistical |

FV function | Returns the future value of an investment based on a constant interest rate. | Financial |

GAMMA function | Calculates the GAMMA value. | Statistical |

GCD function | Calculates the greatest common divisor that divides all given arguments without a remainder. | Math and trigonometry |

GEOMEAN function | Calculates the geometric mean. | Statistical |

GROWTH function | Returns estimated exponential growth based on given data. | Statistical |

HLOOKUP function | Searches the top row in a data range for a value and return another value on the same column in a row you specify. | Lookup and reference |

HOUR function | Returns an integer representing the hour of an Excel time value. | Date and Time |

HYPERLINK function | Builds a link in a cell. | Lookup and reference |

IF function | Returns one value if the logical test is TRUE and another value if the logical test is FALSE. | Logical |

IFERROR function | If the value argument returns an error, the value_if_error argument is used. If the value argument does NOT return an error, the IFERROR function returns the value argument. | Logical |

IFNA function | Handles #N/A errors only, it returns a specific value if the formula returns a #N/A error. | Logical |

IFS function | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. | Logical |

INDEX function | Returns a value from a cell range, you specify which value based on a row and column number. | Lookup and reference |

INDIRECT function | Returns the cell reference based on a text string and shows the content of that cell reference. | Lookup and reference |

INFO function | Returns information about the current operating environment, file path, number of active worksheets, Excel version etc. | Information |

INT function | Removes the decimal part from positive numbers and returns the whole number (integer) except negative values are rounded down to the nearest integer. | Math and trigonometry |

IPMT function | Calculates the interest payment for a specific period for an investment based on repeated constant payments and a constant interest rate. | Financial |

ISBLANK function | Returns TRUE if the argument is an empty cell, returns FALSE if not. | Information |

ISERR function | Returns TRUE if a cell returns an error, except error value #N/A. | Information |

ISERROR function | Returns TRUE if a cell contains an error. | Information |

ISFORMULA function | Returns TRUE if a cell contains a formula, FALSE if text, number or boolean value. | Information |

ISLOGICAL function | Returns TRUE if value is boolean. A boolean value is either TRUE or FALSE. | Information |

ISNA function | Returns TRUE if value is a #N/A error. | Information |

ISNONTEXT function | Returns TRUE if value is not text, also returns TRUE if cell is empty. | Information |

ISNUMBER function | Checks if a value is a number, returns TRUE or FALSE. | Information |

ISODD function | Returns TRUE if a cell contains an odd number, FALSE if even number. | Information |

ISPMT function | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment. | Financial |

ISREF function | Returns TRUE if value refers to a reference. | Information |

ISTEXT function | Returns TRUE if argument is text. | Information |

LARGE function | Calculates the k-th largest value from an array of numbers. | Statistical |

LCM function | Calculates the least common multiple. The least common multiple is the smallest positive integer that is a multiple of all integer arguments. Use the LCM function to find fractions with different denominators. | Math and trigonometry |

LEFT function | Extracts a specific number of characters always starting from the left. | Text |

LEN function | Returns the number of characters in a cell value. | Text |

LN function | Calculates the natural logarithm of a number. Natural logarithms are based on the constant e. | Math and trigonometry |

LOG function | Calculates the logarithm of a number to a specific base. | Math and trigonometry |

LOOKUP function | Find a value in a cell range and return a corresponding value on the same row. | Lookup and reference |

LOWER function | Converts a value to lower case letters. | Text |

MATCH function | Returns the relative position of an item in an array that matches a specified value in a specific order. | Lookup and reference |

MAX function | Calculate the largest number in a cell range. | Statistical |

MAXIFS function | Calculates the highest value based on a condition or criteria. | Statistical |

MEDIAN function | Calculates the median based on a group of numbers. The median is the middle number of a group of numbers. | Statistical |

MID function | Returns a substring from a string based on the starting position and the number of characters you want to extract. | Text |

MIN function | Returns the smallest number in a cell range. | Statistical |

MINA function | Returns the smallest number. Text values and blanks are ignored, boolean value TRUE evaluates to 1 and FALSE to 0 (zero). | Statistical |

MINIFS function | Calculates the smallest value based on a given set of criteria. | Statistical |

MINUTE function | Returns a whole number representing the minute based on an Excel time value. The returned number is ranging from 0 to 59. | Date and Time |

MINVERSE function | Calculates the inverse matrix for a given array. | Math and trigonometry |

MMULT function | Calculates the matrix product of two arrays, an array as the same number of rows as array1 and columns as array2. | Math and trigonometry |

MOD function | Returns the remainder after a number is divided by divisor. | Math and trigonometry |

MODE function | Calculates the most frequent number in a cell range. | Compatibility |

MODEMULT function | Returns the most frequent number in a cell range. It will return multiple numbers if they are equally frequent. | Statistical |

MONTH function | Extracts the month as a number from an Excel date. | Date and Time |

MROUND function | Calculates a number rounded to a given multiple. | Math and trigonometry |

MULTINOMIAL function | Calculates the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials. | Math and trigonometry |

MUNIT function | Calculates the identity matrix for a given dimension | Math and trigonometry |

N function | Returns a value converted into a number. | Information |

NA function | Returns the error value #N/A meaning "value is not available". | Information |

NETWORKDAYS function | Returns the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends. It also allows you to ignore a list of holiday dates that you can specify. | Date and Time |

NOMINAL function | Calculates the nominal annual interest rate based on the effective rate and the number of compounding periods per year. | Financial |

NORM.DIST function | Calculates the normal distribution for a given mean and standard deviation. | Statistical |

NORM.INV function | Calculates the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution for a given mean and standard deviation. | Statistical |

NOT function | Returns the boolean opposite to the given argument. | Logical |

NOW function | Returns the current date and time. | Date and Time |

OFFSET function | Returns a reference to a range that is a given number of rows and columns from a given reference. | Lookup and reference |

OR function | Evaluates a logical expression in each argument and if at least one argument returns TRUE the OR function returns TRUE. If all arguments return FALSE the OR function also returns FALSE. | Logical |

PDURATION function | Calculates how many periods required by an investment to reach a given amount based on a rate in percentage. | Financial |

PERMUT function | Returns the number of permutations for a set of elements that can be selected from a larger number of elements. | Statistical |

PERMUTATIONA function | Returns the number of permutations for a specific number of elements that can be selected from a larger group of elements. | Statistical |

PHI function | Calculates a number of the density function for a standard normal distribution. | Statistical |

PI function | Returns the number pi (¶). | Math and trigonometry |

PMT function | Returns the payment needed for borrowing a fixed sum of money based on constant payments and interest rate. | Financial |

POWER function | Calculates a number raised to a power. | Math and trigonometry |

PPMT function | Calculates the principal payment for a specific period for an investment based on repeated constant payments and a constant interest rate. | Financial |

PRICEMAT function | Calculates the price per $100 nominal value of a bond that pays interest at maturity. | Financial |

PROB function | Statistical | |

PRODUCT function | Returns the product of the numbers given in the argument. | Math and trigonometry |

QUARTILE.INC function | Returns the quartile of a data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, inclusive. | Statistical |

QUOTIENT function | Returns the integer portion of a division. | Math and trigonometry |

RADIANS function | Converts degrees to radians. | Math and trigonometry |

RAND function | Calculates a random real number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1. | Math and trigonometry |

RANDBETWEEN function | Returns a random whole number between the numbers you specify. | Math and trigonometry |

RANK function | Calculates the rank of a specific number compared to a list of numbers. | Compatibility |

RANK.AVG function | Returns the rank of a number out of a list of numbers. | Statistical |

RATE function | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity. | Financial |

REPT function | Repeats a specific text a chosen number of times. | Text |

RIGHT function | Extracts a specific number of characters always starting from the right. | Text |

ROW function | Calculates the row number of a cell reference. | Lookup and reference |

ROWS function | Calculate the number of rows in a cell range. | Lookup and reference |

SEARCH function | Returns the number of the character at which a specific character or text string is found reading left to right (not case-sensitive) | Text |

SEC function | Calculates the secant of an angle. | Math and trigonometry |

SECH function | Calculates the hyperbolic secant of an angle. | Math and trigonometry |

SECOND function | Returns an integer representing the second based on an Excel time value | Date and Time |

SERIESSUM function | Calculates the sum of a power series based on a formula. | Math and trigonometry |

SHEET function | Returns the sheet number of the cell reference sheet. | Information |

SHEETS function | Returns the number of sheets in a reference. | Information |

SIGN function | Returns the sign of a number. 1 for a positiv number, 0 (zero) for a 0 (zero) and -1 for a negative number. | Math and trigonometry |

SIN function | Calculates the sine of an angle. | Math and trigonometry |

SINH function | Calculates the hyperbolic sine of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

SKEW function | Calculates the skewness of a group of values. | Statistical |

SLOPE function | Calculates the slope of the linear regression line through coordinates. | Statistical |

SMALL function | Returns the k-th smallest value from a group of numbers. | Statistical |

SQRT function | Calculates the positive square root. | Math and trigonometry |

STANDARDIZE function | Calculates a normalized value from a distribution characterized by mean and standard_dev. | Statistical |

STDEV function | Calculates the standard deviation of a group of values. | Compatibility |

STDEV.P function | Returns standard deviation based on the entire population. | Statistical |

STDEV.S function | Returns standard deviation based on a sample of the entire population. | Statistical |

STDEVA function | Estimates the standard deviation from a sample of values. | Statistical |

STDEVPA function | Returns the standard deviation based on the entire population, including text and logical values. | Statistical |

SUBSTITUTE function | Replaces a specific text string in a value. Case sensitive. | Text |

SUBTOTAL function | Returns a subtotal from a list or database, you can choose from a variety of arguments that determine what you want the function to do. | Math and trigonometry |

SUM function | Allows you to add numerical values, the function returns the sum in the cell it is entered in. The SUM function is cleverly designed to ignore text and boolean values, adding only numbers. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMIF function | Sums numerical values based on a condition. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMIFS function | Adds numbers based on criteria. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMPRODUCT function | Calculates the product of corresponding values and then returns the sum of each multiplication. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMSQ function | Calculates the sum of the squares of the arguments. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMX2MY2 function | Calculates the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMX2PY2 function | Calculates the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. | Math and trigonometry |

SUMXMY2 function | Calculates the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. | Math and trigonometry |

SWITCH function | Returns a given value determined by an expression and a list of values. | Logical |

T function | Returns a text value if the argument is a text value. | Text |

TAN function | Calculates the tangent of an angle. | Math and trigonometry |

TANH function | Calculates the hyperbolic tangent of a number. | Math and trigonometry |

TEXT function | Converts a value to text in a specific number format. | Text |

TEXTJOIN function | Combine text strings from multiple cell ranges. | Text |

TIME function | Returns a decimal value between 0 (zero) representing 12:00:00 AM and 0.99988426 representing 11:59:59 P.M. | Date and Time |

TIMEVALUE function | Returns a decimal number based on a text string. | Date and Time |

TODAY function | Returns the Excel date (serial number) of the current date. | Date and Time |

TRANSPOSE function | Converts a vertical range to a horizontal range, or vice versa. | Lookup and reference |

TREND function | Calculates values along a linear trend. | Statistical |

TRIM function | Deletes all blanks or space characters except single blanks between words in a cell value. | Text |

TRIMMEAN function | Calculates the mean of the interior of a data set. | Statistical |

TRUE function | Returns the logical (boolean) value TRUE. | Logical |

TRUNC function | Removes the fractional part of the number to an integer. | Math and trigonometry |

TYPE function | Use TYPE to find out what type of data is returned by a function or formula. | Information |

UPPER function | Converts a value to upper case letters. | Text |

VALUE function | Converts a text string that represents a number to a number. | Text |

VAR.P function | Returns the variance based on the entire population. The function ignores logical and text values. | Statistical |

VAR.S function | The VAR.S function tries to estimate the variance based on a sample of the population. The function ignores logical and text values. | Statistical |

VLOOKUP function | Lets you search the leftmost column for a value and return another value on the same row in a column you specify. | Lookup and reference |

WEBSERVICE function | Gets data from a web service on the Internet or Intranet. | Web |

WEEKDAY function | Converts a date to a weekday number from 1 to 7. | Date and Time |

WORKDAY function | Returns a date based on a start date and a given number of working days (nonweekend and nonholidays). | Date and Time |

YEAR function | Converts a date to a number representing the year in the date. | Date and Time |

YEARFRAC function | Returns the fraction of the year based on the number of whole days between a start date and an end date. | Date and Time |