## How to use the WORKDAY function

The WORKDAY function returns a date based on a start date and a given number of working days (nonweekend and nonholidays).

The start date is shown in the image above, 12 working days later is 1/17/2018.

Formula in cell B8:

=WORKDAY(C3,C4)

### Excel Function Syntax

WORKDAY(*start_date*, *days*, [*holidays*])

### Arguments

start_date |
Required. |

days |
Required. Positive integer returns a date after the start_date (future) and negative integer returns a date before the start_date. |

[holidays] |
Optional. A list of holiday dates. |

### Comments

The WORKDAY function returns

- #VALUE! error value if
*start_date*or [*holidays*] are not a valid date. - #NUM error if start_date plus days argument returns an invalid date.

(Excel can't handle dates before 1/1/1900.)

Use theĀ DATE function to create a date if you happenĀ to enter the date in the function.

Example:

=WORKDAY(DATE(2018,1,1),C4)

### Negative days argument and a holiday

Formula in cell B9:

=WORKDAY(C3,C4,C5)

### 'WORKDAY' function examples

The following article has a formula that contains the WORKDAY function.

How to track sector performance in the stock market – Excel template

The image above shows the performance across industry groups for different date ranges, conditional formatting makes the table much easier […]

The image above shows the performance across industry groups for different date ranges, conditional formatting makes the table much easier […]

## Functions in this article

### Functions in 'Date and Time' category

The WORKDAY function function is one of many functions in the 'Date and Time' category.

Returns a number that acts as a date in the Excel environment.

Returns the number of days, months, or years between two dates.Ā The DATEDIF function exists in order to ensure compatibility with Louts 1-2-3.

Returns an Excel date value (serial number) based on a date stored as text.

Extracts the day as a number from an Excel date.

Calculates the number of days between two dates.

Returns a date determined by a start date and a number representing how many months.

ReturnsĀ an Excel date for the last day of a given month using a number and a start date.

Returns an integer representing the hour of an Excel time value.

Returns a whole number representing the minute based on an Excel time value. The returned number is ranging from 0 to 59.

Extracts the month as a number from an Excel date.

Returns the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends. It also allows you to ignore a list of holiday dates that you can specify.

Calculates the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends.

Returns the current date and time.

Returns an integer representing the second based on an Excel time value

Returns a decimal value between 0 (zero) representing 12:00:00 AM and 0.99988426 representingĀ 11:59:59 P.M.

Returns a decimal number based on a text string.

Returns the Excel date (serial number) of the current date.

Converts a date to a weekday number from 1 to 7.

Calculates a given date's week number based on a return_type parameter that determines which day the week begins.

Returns a date based on a start date and a given number of working days (nonweekend and nonholidays).

Converts a date to a number representing the year in the date.

Returns the fraction of the year based on the number of whole days between a start date and an end date.

### Excel function categories

Excel functions that let you resize, combine, and shape arrays.

Functions for backward compatibility with earlier Excel versions. Compatibility functions are replaced with newer functions with improved accuracy. Use the new functions if compatibility isn't required.

Perform basic operations to a database-like structure.

Functions that let you perform calculations to Excel date and time values.

Let's you manipulate binary numbers, convert values between different numeral systems, and calculate imaginary numbers.

Calculate present value, interest, accumulated interest, principal, accumulated principal, depreciation, payment, price, growth, yield for securities, and other financial calculations.

Functions that let you get information from a cell, formatting, formula, worksheet, workbook, filepath, and other entitites.

Functions that let you return and manipulate logical values, and also control formula calculations based on logical expressions.

These functions let you sort, lookup, get external data like stock quotes, filter values based a condition or criteria, and get the relative position of a given value in a specific cell range. They also let you calculate row, column, and other properties of cell references.

You will find functions in this category that calculates random values, round numerical values, create sequential numbers, trigonometry, and more.

Calculate distributions, binomial distributions, exponential distribution, probabilities, variance, covariance, confidence interval, frequency, geometric mean, standard deviation, average, median, and other statistical metrics.

Functions that let you manipulate text values, substitute strings, find string in value, extract a substring in a string, convert characters to ANSI code among other functions.

Get data from the internet, extract data from an XML string and more.

## Excel categories

Latest updated articles.

More than 300 Excel functions with detailed information including syntax, arguments, return values, and examples for most of the functions used in Excel formulas.

More than 1300 formulas organized in subcategories.

Excel Tables simplifies your work with data, adding or removing data, filtering, totals, sorting, enhance readability using cell formatting, cell references, formulas, and more.

Allows you to filter data based on selected value , a given text, or other criteria. It also lets you filter existing data or move filtered values to a new location.

Lets you control what a user can type into a cell. It allows you to specifiy conditions and show a custom message if entered data is not valid.

Lets the user work more efficiently by showing a list that the user can select a value from. This lets you control what is shown in the list and is faster than typing into a cell.

Lets you name one or more cells, this makes it easier to find cells using the Name box, read and understand formulas containing names instead of cell references.

The Excel Solver is a free add-in that uses objective cells, constraints based on formulas on a worksheet to perform what-if analysis and other decision problems like permutations and combinations.

An Excel feature that lets you visualize data in a graph.

Format cells or cell values based a condition or criteria, there a multiple built-in Conditional Formatting tools you can use or use a custom-made conditional formatting formula.

Lets you quickly summarize vast amounts of data in a very user-friendly way. This powerful Excel feature lets you then analyze, organize and categorize important data efficiently.

VBA stands for Visual Basic for Applications and is a computer programming language developed by Microsoft, it allows you to automate time-consuming tasks and create custom functions.

A program or subroutine built in VBA that anyone can create. Use the macro-recorder to quickly create your own VBA macros.

UDF stands for User Defined Functions and is custom built functions anyone can create.

A list of all published articles.

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