Author: Oscar Cronquist Article last updated on January 17, 2019

Andrew asks:

LOVE this example, my issue/need is, I need to add the results. So instead of States and Names, I have to match a client name, and add all the sales totals:

clientA 10
clientA 10
clientA 10
clientB 5
clientB 5
clientB 5

So if I search for clientA, I need one cell that keeps a running total as sales are added. Lastly, a date range will need to be given, so search for sales from clientA between two dates and keep a running total...


I highly recommend a pivot table for this task, however, this article demonstrates a formula combined with an Excel defined table. A pivot table is lightning fast if you have lots of data to work with and is easy to learn.

Formula in cell G6:

=SUMIFS(Table1[Amount], Table1[Client], G4, Table1[Date], "<="&G3, Table1[Date], ">="&G2)

The SUMIFS function was introduced in Excel 2007, use the SUMPRODUCT function if you have an earlier Excel version.


How to create an Excel defined table

  1. Select a cell in the data set.
  2. Press CTRL + T
  3. A dialog box appears, enable checkbox if your data set has headers.
  4. Press with left mouse button on OK.

Explaining formula in cell G6

Some of the cell references in the SUMIFS function are structured references pointing to a range in an Excel defined table. Structured references adjust automatically when data is added or removed to the table, the formula will instantly return the new running total.

Structured reference -> Table1[Amount]

The SUMIFS function adds numbers based on criteria and returns the total.

SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1criteria1[criteria_range2], [criteria2], ...)

Step 1 - First argument is sum_range

The sum_range argument is a structured reference: Table1[Amount]. This cell ranges contains the numbers to be added based on critera.

Step 2 - Second and third argument

The first pair of arguments evaluates if cells in column Client equal value in cell G4.

Argument Cell reference
criteria_range1 Table1[Client]
criteria1 G4

Step 3 - Fourth and fifth argument

The second pair of arguments evaluates if cells in column Date equal or are less than value in cell G3.

Argument Cell reference
criteria_range2 Table1[Date]
criteria2 "<="&G3

The less than and equal sign are concatenated to cell reference G3 using the ampersand character.

Step 4 - Sixth and seventh argument

The third pair of arguments evaluates if cells in column Date equal or are larger than value in cell G2.

Argument Cell reference
criteria_range3 Table1[Date]
criteria3 ">="&G2

The larger than and equal sign are concatenated to cell reference G2 using the ampersand character.