## How to use the CONVERT function

The CONVERT function converts a number from one measurement system to another.

Formula in cell E3:

=CONVERT(B3, C3, D3)

The CONVERT function converts from Celsius to Fahrenheit in cell E3.

### Excel Function Syntax

CONVERT(*number*, *from_unit*, *to_unit*)

### Arguments

number |
Required. The number you want to convert from. |

from_unit |
Required. The unit you want to convert from. |

to_unit |
Required. The unit you want to convert to. |

Weight and mass | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Gram | "g" |

Slug | "sg" |

Pound mass (avoirdupois) | "lbm" |

U (atomic mass unit) | "u" |

Ounce mass (avoirdupois) | "ozm" |

Grain | "grain" |

U.S. (short) hundredweight | "cwt" or "shweight" |

Imperial hundredweight | "uk_cwt" or "lcwt" ("hweight") |

Stone | "stone" |

Ton | "ton" |

Imperial ton | "uk_ton" or "LTON" ("brton") |

Distance | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Meter | "m" |

Statute mile | "mi" |

Nautical mile | "Nmi" |

Inch | "in" |

Foot | "ft" |

Yard | "yd" |

Angstrom | "ang" |

Ell | "ell" |

Light-year | "ly" |

Parsec | "parsec" or "pc" |

Pica (1/72 inch) | "Picapt" or "Pica" |

Pica (1/6 inch) | "pica" |

U.S survey mile (statute mile) | "survey_mi" |

Time | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Year | "yr" |

Day | "day" or "d" |

Hour | "hr" |

Minute | "mn" or "min" |

Second | "sec" or "s" |

Pressure | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Pascal | "Pa" (or "p") |

Atmosphere | "atm" (or "at") |

mm of Mercury | "mmHg" |

PSI | "psi" |

Torr | "Torr" |

Force | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Newton | "N" |

Dyne | "dyn" (or "dy") |

Pound force | "lbf" |

Pond | "pond" |

Energy | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Joule | "J" |

Erg | "e" |

Thermodynamic calorie | "c" |

IT calorie | "cal" |

Electron volt | "eV" (or "ev") |

Horsepower-hour | "HPh" (or "hh") |

Watt-hour | "Wh" (or "wh") |

Foot-pound | "flb" |

BTU | "BTU" (or "btu") |

Power | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Horsepower | "HP" (or "h") |

Pferdestärke | "PS" |

Watt | "W" (or "w") |

Magnetism | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Tesla | "T" |

Gauss | "ga" |

Temperature | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Degree Celsius | "C" (or "cel") |

Degree Fahrenheit | "F" (or "fah") |

Kelvin | "K" (or "kel") |

Degrees Rankine | "Rank" |

Degrees Réaumur | "Reau" |

Volume (or l iquid measure ) | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Teaspoon | "tsp" |

Modern teaspoon | "tspm" |

Tablespoon | "tbs" |

Fluid ounce | "oz" |

Cup | "cup" |

U.S. pint | "pt" (or "us_pt") |

U.K. pint | "uk_pt" |

Quart | "qt" |

Imperial quart (U.K.) | "uk_qt" |

Gallon | "gal" |

Imperial gallon (U.K.) | "uk_gal" |

Liter | "l" or "L" ("lt") |

Cubic angstrom | "ang3" or "ang^3" |

U.S. oil barrel | "barrel" |

U.S. bushel | "bushel" |

Cubic feet | "ft3" or "ft^3" |

Cubic inch | "in3" or "in^3" |

Cubic light-year | "ly3" or "ly^3" |

Cubic meter | "m3" or "m^3" |

Cubic Mile | "mi3" or "mi^3" |

Cubic yard | "yd3" or "yd^3" |

Cubic nautical mile | "Nmi3" or "Nmi^3" |

Cubic Pica | "Picapt3", "Picapt^3", "Pica3" or "Pica^3" |

Gross Registered Ton | "GRT" ("regton") |

Measurement ton (freight ton) | "MTON" |

Area | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

International acre | "uk_acre" |

U.S. survey/statute acre | "us_acre" |

Square angstrom | "ang2" or “ang^2" |

Are | "ar" |

Square feet | "ft2" or "ft^2" |

Hectare | "ha" |

Square inches | "in2" or "in^2" |

Square light-year | "ly2" or "ly^2" |

Square meters | "m2" or "m^2" |

Morgen | "Morgen" |

Square miles | "mi2" or "mi^2" |

Square nautical miles | "Nmi2" or "Nmi^2" |

Square Pica | "Picapt2", "Pica2", "Pica^2" or "Picapt^2" |

Square yards | "yd2" or "yd^2" |

Information | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Bit | "bit" |

Byte | "byte" |

Speed | From_unit or to_unit |
---|---|

Admiralty knot | "admkn" |

Knot | "kn" |

Meters per hour | "m/h" or "m/hr" |

Meters per second | "m/s" or "m/sec" |

Miles per hour | "mph" |

Prefix | Multiplier | Abbreviation |
---|---|---|

yotta | 1E+24 | "Y" |

zetta | 1E+21 | "Z" |

exa | 1E+18 | "E" |

peta | 1E+15 | "P" |

tera | 1000000000000 | "T" |

giga | 1000000000 | "G" |

mega | 1000000 | "M" |

kilo | 1000 | "k" |

hecto | 100 | "h" |

dekao | 10 | "da" or "e" |

deci | 0.1 | "d" |

centi | 0.01 | "c" |

milli | 0.001 | "m" |

micro | 0.000001 | "u" |

nano | 0.000000001 | "n" |

pico | 0.000000000001 | "p" |

femto | 0.000000000000001 | "f" |

atto | 1E-18 | "a" |

zepto | 1E-21 | "z" |

yocto | 1E-24 | "y" |

Binary Prefix | Prefix Value | Abbreviation | Derived from |
---|---|---|---|

yobi | 2^80 = 1 208 925 819 614 629 174 706 176 | "Yi" | yotta |

zebi | 2^70 = 1 180 591 620 717 411 303 424 | "Zi" | zetta |

exbi | 2^60 = 1 152 921 504 606 846 976 | "Ei" | exa |

pebi | 2^50 = 1 125 899 906 842 624 | "Pi" | peta |

tebi | 2^40 = 1 099 511 627 776 | "Ti" | tera |

gibi | 2^30 = 1 073 741 824 | "Gi" | giga |

mebi | 2^20 = 1 048 576 | "Mi" | mega |

kibi | 2^10 = 1024 | "ki" | kilo |

### Comments

The CONVERT function returns a #N/A error if the unit doesn't exist.

Unit names and prefixes are case-sensitive.

## Functions in this article

### Functions in 'Engineering' category

The CONVERT function function is one of many functions in the 'Engineering' category.

Converts a binary number to the decimal number system.

Converts a binary number to hexadecimal.

Converts a binary number to octal.

Calculates a bitwise 'AND' of two numbers.

Calculates a number whose binary representation is shifted left by a specified number of bits.

Performs a bitwise 'OR' of two numbers.

Calculates the number where the binary equivalent is shifted right by a specified number of bits and then converted back to a number.

Calculates a decimal number that is a result of a bitwise comparison "XOR" of two numbers.

Returns a complex number based on a real and imaginary number.

Converts a number from one measurement system to another.

Converts a decimal number to a binary number.

Converts a decimal number to a hexadecimal number.

Converts a decimal number to an octal number.

Evaluates whether two numerical values are equal.

Calculates the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format.

Calculates the imaginary value of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format.

Calculates theta θ which is an angle displayed in radians based on complex numbers in rectangular form.

Calculates the complex conjugate of a complex number in x + yi or x + yj text format.

### Excel function categories

Excel functions that let you resize, combine, and shape arrays.

Functions for backward compatibility with earlier Excel versions. Compatibility functions are replaced with newer functions with improved accuracy. Use the new functions if compatibility isn't required.

Perform basic operations to a database-like structure.

Functions that let you perform calculations to Excel date and time values.

Let's you manipulate binary numbers, convert values between different numeral systems, and calculate imaginary numbers.

Calculate present value, interest, accumulated interest, principal, accumulated principal, depreciation, payment, price, growth, yield for securities, and other financial calculations.

Functions that let you get information from a cell, formatting, formula, worksheet, workbook, filepath, and other entitites.

Functions that let you return and manipulate logical values, and also control formula calculations based on logical expressions.

These functions let you sort, lookup, get external data like stock quotes, filter values based a condition or criteria, and get the relative position of a given value in a specific cell range. They also let you calculate row, column, and other properties of cell references.

You will find functions in this category that calculates random values, round numerical values, create sequential numbers, trigonometry, and more.

Calculate distributions, binomial distributions, exponential distribution, probabilities, variance, covariance, confidence interval, frequency, geometric mean, standard deviation, average, median, and other statistical metrics.

Functions that let you manipulate text values, substitute strings, find string in value, extract a substring in a string, convert characters to ANSI code among other functions.

Get data from the internet, extract data from an XML string and more.

## Excel categories

Latest updated articles.

More than 300 Excel functions with detailed information including syntax, arguments, return values, and examples for most of the functions used in Excel formulas.

More than 1300 formulas organized in subcategories.

Excel Tables simplifies your work with data, adding or removing data, filtering, totals, sorting, enhance readability using cell formatting, cell references, formulas, and more.

Allows you to filter data based on selected value , a given text, or other criteria. It also lets you filter existing data or move filtered values to a new location.

Lets you control what a user can type into a cell. It allows you to specifiy conditions and show a custom message if entered data is not valid.

Lets the user work more efficiently by showing a list that the user can select a value from. This lets you control what is shown in the list and is faster than typing into a cell.

Lets you name one or more cells, this makes it easier to find cells using the Name box, read and understand formulas containing names instead of cell references.

The Excel Solver is a free add-in that uses objective cells, constraints based on formulas on a worksheet to perform what-if analysis and other decision problems like permutations and combinations.

An Excel feature that lets you visualize data in a graph.

Format cells or cell values based a condition or criteria, there a multiple built-in Conditional Formatting tools you can use or use a custom-made conditional formatting formula.

Lets you quickly summarize vast amounts of data in a very user-friendly way. This powerful Excel feature lets you then analyze, organize and categorize important data efficiently.

VBA stands for Visual Basic for Applications and is a computer programming language developed by Microsoft, it allows you to automate time-consuming tasks and create custom functions.

A program or subroutine built in VBA that anyone can create. Use the macro-recorder to quickly create your own VBA macros.

UDF stands for User Defined Functions and is custom built functions anyone can create.

A list of all published articles.

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