## Find the highest status and when it was acquired

*Hello Oscar,*

*thank you for sharing you knowledge and helping us with these excellent formulas.*

*I have a case i could really need your help with:*

*The following Table shows a history of names, stati and the date the status was acquired. BUT: people can acquire the same status more than just once (or at least report it). Now I want to know, when each person (peter, sarah & luke) have acquired their individual highest status.*

Name Date Status

peter 30.01.2015 5

sarah 30.01.2015 5

peter 28.01.2015 5

sarah 28.01.2015 4

peter 24.01.2015 5

peter 22.01.2015 5

sarah 22.01.2015 3

luke 22.01.2015 4

peter 20.01.2015 3

sarah 20.01.2015 3

sarah 18.01.2015 2

peter 18.01.2015 2

luke 18.01.2015 3

luke 16.01.2015 3

luke 14.01.2015 2

peter 14.01.2015 2

peter 12.01.2015 1

sarah 12.01.2015 2

peter 10.01.2015 1

sarah 10.01.2015 2

sarah 08.01.2015 1

answers have to be :

Names latest status in status since

Peter 5 22.01.2015

sarah 5 30.01.2015

luke 4 22.01.2015

I would really appreciate your help.

Greetings.

**Answer:**

**Array formula in F2:**

**Array formula in cell G2:**

### How to enter an array formula

- Select cell F2
- Paste formula in formula bar
- Press and hold CTRL + SHIFT simultaneously
- Press Enter once
- Release all keys

This is what the formula in the formula bar looks like:

Don't enter these curly brackets yourself, they appear automatically when you press CTRL + SHIFT + ENTER.

### Explaining array formula in cell F2

**Step 1 - Compare name in cell E2 with names in cell range A2:A22**

E2=$A$2:$A$22

becomes

"peter"={"peter"; "sarah"; "peter"; "sarah"; "peter"; "peter"; "sarah"; "luke"; "peter"; "sarah"; "sarah"; "peter"; "luke"; "luke"; "luke"; "peter"; "peter"; "sarah"; "peter"; "sarah"; "sarah"}

becomes

{TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE}

**Step 2 - Replace TRUE with corresponding value in cell range C2:C22 and FALSE with nothing**

IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22, $C$2:$C$22, "")

becomes

IF({TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE}, $C$2:$C$22, "")

becomes

IF({TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE}, {5; 5; 5; 4; 5; 5; 3; 4; 3; 3; 2; 2; 3; 3; 2; 2; 1; 2; 1; 2; 1}, "")

and returns

{5; ""; 5; ""; 5; 5; ""; ""; 3; ""; ""; 2; ""; ""; ""; 2; 1; ""; 1; ""; ""}

**Step 3 - Find largest value in array**

MAX(IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22,$C$2:$C$22,""))

becomes

=MAX({5; ""; 5; ""; 5; 5; ""; ""; 3; ""; ""; 2; ""; ""; ""; 2; 1; ""; 1; ""; ""})

and returns 5 in cell F2.

### Explaining array formula in cell G2

**Step 1 - Compare largest value with cell range C2:C22**

MAX(IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22,$C$2:$C$22,""))=$C$2:$C$22

becomes

5=$C$2:$C$22

and returns

{TRUE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE}

**Step 2 - Compare value in cell E2 with cell range A2:A22**

E2=$A$2:$A$22

returns

{TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE}

**Step 3 - Multiply array in step 1 with array in step 2**

MAX(IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22,$C$2:$C$22,""))=$C$2:$C$22)*(E2=$A$2:$A$22)

becomes

{TRUE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE} * {TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE; TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE}

and returns

{1; 0; 1; 0; 1; 1; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0}

**Step 4 - Replace TRUE with corresponding value in cell range C2:C22 and FALSE with random text string**

IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22,$C$2:$C$22,""))=$C$2:$C$22)*(E2=$A$2:$A$22),$B$2:$B$22,"A")

bcomes

IF({1; 0; 1; 0; 1; 1; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0},$B$2:$B$22,"A")

and returns

{42034; "A"; 42032; "A"; 42028; 42026; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"}

**Step 5 - Find smallest value in array, text strings are ignored**

MIN(IF((MAX(IF(E2=$A$2:$A$22,$C$2:$C$22,""))=$C$2:$C$22)*(E2=$A$2:$A$22),$B$2:$B$22,"A"))

becomes

MIN({42034; "A"; 42032; "A"; 42028; 42026; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"; "A"})

and returns 42026 in cell G2.

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Just because I've noticed this

"Step 2 - Compare value in cell E2 with cell range A2:A2"

you miss the last 2 on A22 range

thanks for all your advice, I discover your site today and I felt in love