Author: Oscar Cronquist Article last updated on June 28, 2022

How to use the <span class='notranslate'>NPER</span> function
The NPER function calculates the number of periods for an investment based on periodic, constant payments and a fixed interest rate.

1. NPER Function Syntax

NPER(rate, pmt, pv, [fv], [type])

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2. NPER Function Arguments

rate Required. The interest rate per period.
pmt Required. The payment per period; it must be constant.
pv Required. Argument pv is an abbreviation for present value, in other words, the total value right now based on future payments.
[fv] Optional. The future value, or the value you want to achieve when the last payment is made. Default value is 0 (zero).
[type] Optional.  When payments are due.
0 (zero) - Default value. At the end of the period.
1 - At the beginning of the period.

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3. NPER Function Example

How to use the <span class='notranslate'>NPER</span> function example

This example shown in the image above demonstrates the NPER function in cell C7. It calculates the number of periods needed to repay $1000 based on a constant payment of $100 and a fixed interest rate of 5%.

Formula in cell F3:

=NPER(C3,C4,C5)

The table below the calculation shows interest, amortization, and the remaining loan amount after each periodic payment. Get the workbook to see how the calculations are made, link below.

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Get Excel file

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