Author: Oscar Cronquist Article last updated on January 15, 2019

This blog article describes how to split strings in a cell with space as a delimiting character, like Text to columns. Text to columns separates the contents of one cell into separate columns.

See Rick Rothstein's formula in the comments!

### Array formula in cell D1:

=MID(" "&\$B2&" ", SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)+1), COLUMN(A1)), SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)+1)-SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1))-1)

To enter an array formula, type the formula in a cell then press and hold CTRL + SHIFT simultaneously, now press Enter once. Release all keys.

The formula bar now shows the formula with a beginning and ending curly bracket telling you that you entered the formula successfully. Don't enter the curly brackets yourself.

Copy cell D2 and paste to cell range D2:G6.

### Explaining formula in cell D1

Step 1 - Split characters in a cell into an array

The MID function returns a substring from a string based on the starting position and the number of characters you want to extract. The ROW function returns an array from 1 to 99.

MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1)

becomes

MID(" car 123 A ", {1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 50; 51; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 60; 61; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 70; 71; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 80; 81; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 90; 91; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99}, 1)

and returns this array:

{" "; "c"; "a"; "r"; " "; "1"; "2"; "3"; " "; "A"; " "; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""}

Step 2 - Search for a blank as a delimiting character and return position

The SEARCH function returns the number of the character at which a specific character or text string is found reading left to right (not case-sensitive), if string is not found the function returns an error value. The ISERROR function returns TRUE if the value is an error.

The IF function has three arguments, the first one must be a logical expression. If the expression evaluates to TRUE then one thing happens (argument 2) and if FALSE another thing happens (argument 3). If the ISERROR function returns FALSE the function returns the corresponding row number.

The SMALL function then returns the k-th smallest value in the array based on the column function and a relative cell reference that changes when the cell is copied to the next cell. This makes the formula return a new value in each cell.

SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1))

becomes

SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH({" "; "c"; "a"; "r"; " "; "1"; "2"; "3"; " "; "A"; " "; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""; ""}, " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1))

becomes

SMALL(IF(ISERROR({1; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; 1; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; 1; #VALUE!; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1}), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1))

becomes

SMALL(IF(ISERROR({1; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; 1; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; #VALUE!; 1; #VALUE!; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1; 1}), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1))

becomes

SMALL({1; ""; ""; ""; 5; ""; ""; ""; 9; ""; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 50; 51; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 60; 61; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 70; 71; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 80; 81; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 90; 91; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99}, COLUMN(A1))

becomes

SMALL({1; ""; ""; ""; 5; ""; ""; ""; 9; ""; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 50; 51; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 60; 61; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 70; 71; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 80; 81; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 90; 91; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99}, 1)

and returns 1.

Step 3 - Calculate length argument in mid function

SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)+1)-SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)))

SMALL({1; ""; ""; ""; 5; ""; ""; ""; 9; ""; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 50; 51; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 60; 61; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 70; 71; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 80; 81; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 90; 91; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99}, 2)-SMALL({1; ""; ""; ""; 5; ""; ""; ""; 9; ""; 11; 12; 13; 14; 15; 16; 17; 18; 19; 20; 21; 22; 23; 24; 25; 26; 27; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33; 34; 35; 36; 37; 38; 39; 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; 47; 48; 49; 50; 51; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 57; 58; 59; 60; 61; 62; 63; 64; 65; 66; 67; 68; 69; 70; 71; 72; 73; 74; 75; 76; 77; 78; 79; 80; 81; 82; 83; 84; 85; 86; 87; 88; 89; 90; 91; 92; 93; 94; 95; 96; 97; 98; 99}, 1)

becomes

5-1 equals 4.

Step 4 - Filter word

=MID(" "&\$B2&" ", SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)), SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)+1)-SMALL(IF(ISERROR(SEARCH(MID(" "&\$B2&" ", ROW(\$1:\$99), 1), " ")), "", ROW(\$1:\$99)), COLUMN(A1)))

becomes

=MID(" "&\$B2&" ", 1, 4)

becomes

MID(" car 123 A ", 1, 4)

and returns "car" in cell D2.