Table of contents

  1. VLOOKUP and a condition
  2. VLOOKUP and a table
  3. VLOOKUP - Select a column with a drop down list
  4. VLOOKUP and two conditions (date range)
  5. INDEX and MATCH

VLOOKUP and a condition

The animated picture above shows you how the array formula removes specific records in the the table_array argument.

Array formula in C4:


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IF function explained

Check if a logical expression is met. Returns a specific value if TRUE and another specific value if FALSE.

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Everything you need to know about the VLOOKUP function

Table of Contents Overview Arguments Approximate match Related tables Dynamic arguments INDEX + MATCH VLOOKUP error VBA Example Using multiple […]

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=VLOOKUP("A",{"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"A", "South America", "The New Firm", "Tory", "Byrnes";"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"", "", "", "", "";"F", "South America", "Trans United Airways", "Ervin", "Hennessey"},3,FALSE)

and returns "The New Firm"

How to create an array formula

  1. Select cell C4
  2. Type the array formula
  3. Press and hold Ctrl + Shift
  4. Press Enter

Learn the basics of Excel arrays

Array formulas allows you to do advanced calculations not possible with regular formulas.

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VLOOKUP and a table

If you convert your cell range to a table you can add or remove as many records to the table as you want and the cell reference in the formula is automatically adjusted. Use the table name and table column name in the vlookup function to achieve this. See the formula bar in the picture below.

How to convert a cell range to a table (Excel 2007 and above)

  1. Select cell range A7:E17
  2. Go to tab "Insert"
  3. Click table button
  4. Enable "My table has headers"
  5. Click OK

Learn more about excel tables:

Become more productive – Learn Excel Defined Tables

An Excel table allows you to easily sort, filter and sum values in a data set where values are related.

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VLOOKUP - Select a table column with a drop down list

The following sheet let´s you select a column in the table and the the value from that column is returned.

How to create the drop down list in cell B4

  1. Select cell B4
  2. Go to "Data" tab
  3. Click "Data Validation" button
  4. Select "List" i the drop down list
  5. Select source: =$C$8:$E$8
  6. Click OK

You can't use cell references pointing to an excel defined table (structured references) in a drop down list or in conditional formatting formulas unless you use this work-around:

Learn this genius trick on how to use a Table name in Data Validation Lists and Conditional Formatting formulas

David Hager gave this valuable comment about how to reference a table name in conditional formatting formulas: =INDIRECT("Table1[Start]") Watch this video to […]

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Array formula in cell C4:

=VLOOKUP(C2, IF(Table2[Region]=C3, Table2, ""), MATCH(B4, Table2[#Headers], 0), FALSE)


=VLOOKUP(C2, IF(Table2[Region]=C3, Table2, ""), MATCH(Company Name", {"Item","Region","Company Name","First Name","Last Name"}, 0), FALSE)


=VLOOKUP(C2, IF(Table2[Region]=C3, Table2, ""), 3, FALSE)

and returns "The New Firm"

VLOOKUP and two conditions (date range)

Array formula in cell C5:


This article explains how to lookup and return multiple values:

5 easy ways to VLOOKUP and return multiple values

This post explains how to lookup a value and return multiple values. No array formula required.

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The following formula returns an array with the same size as cell reference Table3[Date]

(Table3[Date]>=C3)*(Table3[Date]<=C4) returns {0;1;1;1;1;1;1;0;0;0} . So the first value in the array corresponds to the first record in the table. Example, 0 (zero) is FALSE and that record is not between 2012-01-02 and 2012-01-07.

The formula becomes



=VLOOKUP(C2,IF({0;1;1;1;1;1;1;0;0;0},{"A", 40909, "Atlantic Corporation", "Birdie", "Schneider";"B", 40910, "Uplink Corporation", "Amshula", "Canty";"C", 40911, "Omni Consumer Products", "Jaycee", "Martin";"D", 40912, "Galaxy Corp", "Tracy", "Tuck";"A", 40913, "The New Firm", "Tory", "Byrnes";"B", 40914, "ZiffCorp", "Santos", "Cowart";"C", 40915, "Minuteman Cafe", "Gen", "Lindgren";"D", 40916, "Demo Company", "Edwin", "Shinn";"E", 40917, "Western Gas & Electric", "Allayna", "Egan";"F", 40918, "Trans United Airways", "Ervin", "Hennessey"},""),3,FALSE)


=VLOOKUP("A",{"","","","","";"B",40910,"Uplink Corporation","Amshula","Canty";"C",40911,"Omni Consumer Products","Jaycee","Martin";"D",40912,"Galaxy Corp","Tracy","Tuck";"A",40913,"The New Firm","Tory","Byrnes";"B",40914,"ZiffCorp","Santos","Cowart";"C",40915,"Minuteman Cafe","Gen","Lindgren";"","","","","";"","","","","";"","","","",""},3,FALSE)

and returns "The New Firm"


The vlookup function can only look for values in first column of the table_array. The formula below demonstrates how to do a lookup in any table column and return a value from any table column.

Formula in cell C3:

=INDEX(Table4[Item],MATCH(C2,Table4[First Name],0))

Learn more about the INDEX and MATCH functions:

INDEX function explained

Fetch a value in a data set based on coordinates.

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MATCH function

Identify the position of a value in an array.

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=INDEX({"A"; "B"; "C"; "D"; "A"; "B"; "C"; "D"; "E"; "F"},4)

and returns D in cell C3.

Download excel *.xlsx file

Vlookup - multiple conditions.xlsx