Math and trigonometry functions

How to use the LOG10 function

The LOG10 function calculates the logarithm of a number using the base 10. Formula in cell C3: =LOG10(B3) Excel Function […]

How to use the COTH function

The COTH function calculates the hyperbolic cotangent of a hyperbolic angle. The function has been available since Excel 2013. Formula […]

How to use the FLOOR.PRECISE function

The FLOOR.PRECISE function rounds a number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of significance. Excel Function Syntax FLOOR.PRECISE(number, […]

How to use the CSC function

The CSC function calculates the cosecant of an angle (radians). The CSC function returns the same value as 1/SIN(number). Formula in […]

How to use the GCD function

The GCD calculates the greatest common divisor that divides all given arguments without a remainder. Formula in cell D3: =GCD(B3:B4) Excel […]

How to use the MUNIT function

The MUNIT function calculates the identity matrix for a given dimension. Array formula in cell B2: =MUNIT(3) The formula above returns an […]

How to use the RAND function

The RAND function calculates a random real number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1. The function […]

How to use the MULTINOMIAL function

The MULTINOMIAL function calculates the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials. Formula […]

How to use the MINVERSE function

The MINVERSE function calculates the inverse matrix for a given array. This function is useful for solving equations with multiple variables. […]

How to use the BASE function

The BASE function converts a number into a text representation with a given radix (base). Formula in cell C3: =BASE(10, […]

How to use the ATANH function

The ATANH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number. =ATANH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ATANH(number) Arguments number Required. Must be […]

How to use the ATAN2 function

The ATAN2 function calculates the arctangent of an angle using specific x- and y-coordinates. The returned angle is in radians […]

How to use the ATAN function

The ATAN function calculates the arctangent of a number. The returned angle is in radians between -pi/2 to pi/2. =ATAN(B3) Excel […]

How to use the ASINH function

The ASINH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number. =ASINH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ASINH(number) Arguments number Required. Any […]

How to use the ASIN function

The ASIN function calculates the arcsine of a number. The angle is in radians and is between -pi/2 to pi/2. =ASIN(B3) Excel […]

How to use the ACOTH function

The ACOTH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOTH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ACOTH(number) […]

How to use the ACOT function

The ACOT function calculates the inverse cotangent of a number. The returned angle is given in radians from 0 (zero) […]

How to use the ACOSH function

The ACOSH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOSH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ACOSH(number) […]

How to use the ACOS function

The ACOS function calculates the arccosine, or inverse cosine, of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOS(B3) Excel Function Syntax […]

How to use the TRUNC function

The TRUNC function removes the fractional part of the number to an integer. Formula in cell C3: =TRUNC(B3) Excel Function […]

How to use the SERIESSUM function

The SERIESSUM function calculates the sum of a power series based on the following formula: SERIESSUM(x, n, m, a) = […]

How to use the SECH function

The SECH function calculates the hyperbolic secant of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =SECH(B3) Excel Function Syntax SECH(number) Arguments […]

How to use the COT function

The COT function calculates the cotangent of an angle specified in radians. Formula in cell C3: =COT(B3) Excel Function Syntax […]

How to use the COSH function

The COSH function calculates the hyperbolic cosine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =COSH(B3) Excel Function Syntax COSH(number) Arguments […]

How to use the SINH function

The SINH function calculates the hyperbolic sine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =SINH(B3) Excel Function Syntax SINH(number) Arguments […]

How to use the TANH function

The TANH function calculates the hyperbolic tangent of a number. Formula in cell C3: =TANH(B3) Excel Function Syntax TANH(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the SUMXMY2 function

The SUMXMY2 function calculates the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. Formula in cell F3: […]

How to use the SUMX2PY2 function

The SUMX2PY2 function calculates the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. The sum of […]

How to use the SUMX2MY2 function

The SUMX2MY2function calculates the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. Formula in cell F3: […]

How to use the SUMSQ function

The SUMSQ function calculates the sum of the squares of the arguments. Formula in cell D3: =SUMSQ(B3:B5) 2^2 = 4, […]

How to use the SEC function

The SEC function calculates the secant of an angle. Formula in cell E3: =SEC(B3) Excel Function Syntax SEC(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the FLOOR.MATH function

The FLOOR.MATH function rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Formula in […]

How to use the FACTDOUBLE function

The FACTDOUBLE returns the double factorial of a number. Formula in cell C3: =FACTDOUBLE(B3) Excel Function Syntax FACTDOUBLE(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the DECIMAL function

The DECIMAL function converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number. Formula in […]

How to use the CEILING function

The CEILING function rounds a number up to its nearest multiple. The number is rounded down if both the number […]

How to use the LCM function

The LCM function calculates the least common multiple. The least common multiple is the smallest positive integer that is a […]

How to use the MROUND function

The MROUND function calculates a number rounded to a given multiple. Formula in cell D3: =MROUND(B3,C3) Excel Function Syntax MROUND(number, […]

How to use the SQRT function

The SQRT function calculates the positive square root. Formula in cell C3: =SQRT(B3) Excel Function Syntax SQRT(number) Arguments number Required. […]

How to use the SIGN function

The SIGN function returns the sign of a number. 1 for a positiv number, 0 (zero) for a 0 (zero) […]

How to use the LOG function

The LOG function calculates the logarithm of a number to a specific base. Formula in cell C3: =LOG(10) Excel Function […]

How to use the LN function

The LN function calculates the natural logarithm of a number. Natural logarithms are based on the constant e. Formula in […]

How to use the COMBINA function

The COMBINA function calculates the number of combinations for a given number of elements from a larger group of elements. Formula in […]

How to use the PRODUCT function

The PRODUCT function returns the product of the numbers given in the argument. Formula in cell D3: =PRODUCT(B3:C3) Excel Function […]

How to use the DEGREES function

The DEGREES function calculates degrees from radians. Formula in cell C3: =DEGREES(B3) Excel Function Syntax DEGREES(angle) Arguments angle Required. The […]

How to use the RADIANS function

The RADIANS function converts degrees to radians. Formula in cell C3: =RADIANS(B3) Excel Function Syntax RADIANS(angle) Arguments angle Required. The […]

How to use the PI function

The PI function returns the number pi (¶). Formula in cell B3: =PI() Excel Function Syntax PI() Arguments PI function […]

How to use the POWER function

The POWER function calculates a number raised to a power. Excel Function Syntax POWER(number, power) Arguments number Required. The number […]

How to use the TAN function

The TAN function calculates the tangent of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =TAN(B3) Excel Function Syntax TAN(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the COS function

The COS function calculates the cosine of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =COS(B3) Excel Function Syntax COS(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the SIN function

The SIN function calculates the sine of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =SIN(B3) Excel Function Syntax SIN(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the EVEN function

The EVEN function rounds a number up to the nearest even whole number. An even number is a number that […]

How to use the EXP function

Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904. Example, e^2 equals 7.389056099 Formula in cell C3: […]

How to use the RANDBETWEEN function

Returns a random whole number between the numbers you specify. This function is volatile meaning a new random number is […]

How to use the FACT function

The FACT function returns the factorial of a number. Formula in cell C3: =FACT(B3) Example, 3! = 3*2*1 = 6 […]

How to use the INT function

Removes the decimal part from positive numbers and returns the whole number (integer) except negative values are rounded down to […]

How to use the COMBIN function

The COMBIN function returns the number of combinations for a specific number of elements out of a larger number of […]

How to use the AGGREGATE function

The AGGREGATE function allows you to calculate different specific functions to a list or database. A special AGGREGATE function feature […]

How to use the ABS function

Converts negative numbers to positive numbers, in other words, the ABS function removes the sign. Excel Function Syntax ABS(number) Arguments […]

How to use the SUMIFS function

The SUMIFS function in cell D11 adds numbers from column D based on criteria applied to column B and C. […]

Learn how to use the SUBTOTAL function

The picture above shows row 4 and row 8 hidden, the SUM argument 9 sums all values in C3:C11 whereas […]

How to use the SUMIF function

The SUMIF function sums values based on a condition. The condition can be applied to the values being summed or […]

How to use the SUM function

The SUM function in Excel allows you to add values, the function returns the sum in the cell it is […]

QUOTIENT function

The quotient function returns the integer portion of a division. Example, 5/2 = 2.5. The integer is 2. Excel Function […]

How to use the MOD function

The Mod function returns the remainder after a number is divided by divisor. The Mod function is short for the Modulo […]

How to use the SUMPRODUCT function

The SUMPRODUCT function calculates the product of corresponding values and then returns the sum of each multiplication.

How to use the MMULT function

The MMULT function calculates the matrix product of two arrays, an array as the same number of rows as array1 and […]