### Math and trigonometry functions

This article demonstrates the LET function introduced in Excel 365. What's on this page How to use the LET function […]

The ROUND function calculates a rounded number based on the number of digits you specify. Formula in cell D3: =ROUND(B3, […]

How to use the RANDARRAY function

The RANDARRAY function returns a table of random numbers across rows and columns. It is located in the Math and […]

How to use the SEQUENCE function

The SEQUENCE function creates a list of sequential numbers to a cell range or array. It is located in the […]

How to use the ROUNDDOWN function

The ROUNDDOWN function calculates a number rounded down based on the number of digits to which you want to round […]

How to use the ROUNDUP function

The ROUNDUP function calculates a number rounded up based on the number of digits to which you want to round […]

The LOG10 function calculates the logarithm of a number using the base 10. Formula in cell C3: =LOG10(B3) Excel Function […]

The COTH function calculates the hyperbolic cotangent of a hyperbolic angle. The function has been available since Excel 2013. Formula […]

How to use the FLOOR.PRECISE function

The FLOOR.PRECISE function rounds a number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of significance. Excel Function Syntax FLOOR.PRECISE(number, […]

The CSC function calculates the cosecant of an angle (radians). The CSC function returns the same value as 1/SIN(number). Formula in […]

The GCD calculates the greatest common divisor that divides all given arguments without a remainder. Formula in cell D3: =GCD(B3:B4) Excel […]

The MUNIT function calculates the identity matrix for a given dimension. Array formula in cell B2: =MUNIT(3) The formula above returns an […]

The RAND function calculates a random real number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1. The function […]

How to use the MULTINOMIAL function

The MULTINOMIAL function calculates the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials. Formula […]

How to use the MINVERSE function

The MINVERSE function calculates the inverse matrix for a given array. This function is useful for solving equations with multiple variables. […]

The BASE function converts a number into a text representation with a given radix (base). Formula in cell C3: =BASE(10, […]

The ATANH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number. =ATANH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ATANH(number) Arguments number Required. Must be […]

The ATAN2 function calculates the arctangent of an angle using specific x- and y-coordinates. The returned angle is in radians […]

The ATAN function calculates the arctangent of a number. The returned angle is in radians between -pi/2 to pi/2. =ATAN(B3) Excel […]

The ASINH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number. =ASINH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ASINH(number) Arguments number Required. Any […]

The ASIN function calculates the arcsine of a number. The angle is in radians and is between -pi/2 to pi/2. =ASIN(B3) Excel […]

The ACOTH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOTH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ACOTH(number) […]

The ACOT function calculates the inverse cotangent of a number. The returned angle is given in radians from 0 (zero) […]

The ACOSH function calculates the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOSH(B3) Excel Function Syntax ACOSH(number) […]

The ACOS function calculates the arccosine, or inverse cosine, of a number. Formula in cell C3: =ACOS(B3) Excel Function Syntax […]

The TRUNC function removes the fractional part of the number to an integer. Formula in cell C3: =TRUNC(B3) Excel Function […]

How to use the SERIESSUM function

The SERIESSUM function calculates the sum of a power series based on the following formula: SERIESSUM(x, n, m, a) = […]

The SECH function calculates the hyperbolic secant of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =SECH(B3) Excel Function Syntax SECH(number) Arguments […]

The COT function calculates the cotangent of an angle specified in radians. Formula in cell C3: =COT(B3) Excel Function Syntax […]

The COSH function calculates the hyperbolic cosine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =COSH(B3) Excel Function Syntax COSH(number) Arguments […]

The SINH function calculates the hyperbolic sine of a number. Formula in cell C3: =SINH(B3) Excel Function Syntax SINH(number) Arguments […]

The TANH function calculates the hyperbolic tangent of a number. Formula in cell C3: =TANH(B3) Excel Function Syntax TANH(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the SUMXMY2 function

The SUMXMY2 function calculates the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. Formula in cell F3: […]

How to use the SUMX2PY2 function

The SUMX2PY2 function calculates the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. The sum of […]

How to use the SUMX2MY2 function

The SUMX2MY2function calculates the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. Formula in cell F3: […]

The SUMSQ function calculates the sum of the squares of the arguments. Formula in cell D3: =SUMSQ(B3:B5) 2^2 = 4, […]

The SEC function calculates the secant of an angle. Formula in cell E3: =SEC(B3) Excel Function Syntax SEC(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the FLOOR.MATH function

The FLOOR.MATH function rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Formula in […]

The FIXED function rounds a number to the specified number of decimals, formats the number in decimal format using a […]

How to use the FACTDOUBLE function

The FACTDOUBLE returns the double factorial of a number. Formula in cell C3: =FACTDOUBLE(B3) Excel Function Syntax FACTDOUBLE(number) Arguments number […]

How to use the DECIMAL function

The DECIMAL function converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number. Formula in […]

How to use the CEILING function

The CEILING function rounds a number up to its nearest multiple. The number is rounded down if both the number […]

The LCM function calculates the least common multiple. The least common multiple is the smallest positive integer that is a […]

How to use the MROUND function

The MROUND function calculates a number rounded to a given multiple. Formula in cell D3: =MROUND(B3,C3) Excel Function Syntax MROUND(number, […]

The SQRT function calculates the positive square root. Formula in cell C3: =SQRT(B3) Excel Function Syntax SQRT(number) Arguments number Required. […]

The SIGN function returns the sign of a number. 1 for a positiv number, 0 (zero) for a 0 (zero) […]

The LOG function calculates the logarithm of a number to a specific base. Formula in cell C3: =LOG(10) Excel Function […]

The LN function calculates the natural logarithm of a number. Natural logarithms are based on the constant e. Formula in […]

How to use the COMBINA function

The COMBINA function calculates the number of combinations for a given number of elements from a larger group of elements. Formula in […]

How to use the PRODUCT function

The PRODUCT function returns the product of the numbers given in the argument. Formula in cell D3: =PRODUCT(B3:C3) Excel Function […]

How to use the DEGREES function

The DEGREES function calculates degrees from radians. Formula in cell C3: =DEGREES(B3) Excel Function Syntax DEGREES(angle) Arguments angle Required. The […]

How to use the RADIANS function

The RADIANS function converts degrees to radians. Formula in cell C3: =RADIANS(B3) Excel Function Syntax RADIANS(angle) Arguments angle Required. The […]

The PI function returns the number pi (¶). Formula in cell B3: =PI() Excel Function Syntax PI() Arguments PI function […]

The POWER function calculates a number raised to a power. Excel Function Syntax POWER(number, power) Arguments number Required. The number […]

The TAN function calculates the tangent of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =TAN(B3) Excel Function Syntax TAN(number) Arguments number […]

The COS function calculates the cosine of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =COS(B3) Excel Function Syntax COS(number) Arguments number […]

The SIN function calculates the sine of an angle. Formula in cell C3: =SIN(B3) Excel Function Syntax SIN(number) Arguments number […]

The EVEN function rounds a number up to the nearest even whole number. An even number is a number that […]

Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904. Example, e^2 equals 7.389056099 Formula in cell C3: […]

How to use the RANDBETWEEN function

Returns a random whole number between the numbers you specify. This function is volatile meaning a new random number is […]

The FACT function returns the factorial of a number. Formula in cell C3: =FACT(B3) Example, 3! = 3*2*1 = 6 […]

The INT function removes the decimal part from positive numbers and returns the whole number (integer) except negative values are […]

How to use the COMBIN function

The COMBIN function returns the number of combinations for a specific number of elements out of a larger number of […]

How to use the AGGREGATE function

The AGGREGATE function allows you to calculate different specific functions to a list or database. A special AGGREGATE function feature […]

Converts negative numbers to positive numbers, in other words, the ABS function removes the sign. Table of Contents ABS Function […]

How to use the SUMIFS function

The SUMIFS function calculates a total based on multiple criteria, it has been available in Excel since version 2010. I […]

How to use the SUBTOTAL function

The picture above shows row 4 and row 8 hidden, the SUM argument 9 sums all values in C3:C11 whereas […]

The SUMIF function sums values based on a condition. The condition can be applied to the values being summed or […]

The SUM function in Excel allows you to add values, the function returns the sum in the cell it is […]

How to use the QUOTIENT function

The quotient function returns the integer portion of a division. Example, 5/2 = 2.5. The integer is 2. Excel Function […]

The Mod function returns the remainder after a number is divided by a divisor. The Mod function is short for […]

How to use the SUMPRODUCT function

The SUMPRODUCT function calculates the product of corresponding values and then returns the sum of each multiplication.

The MMULT function calculates the matrix product of two arrays, an array as the same number of rows as array1 and […]