## How to use the LN function

The LN function calculates the natural logarithm of a number. Natural logarithms are based on the constant e.

Formula in cell C3:

=LN(1)

### Excel Function Syntax

LN(*number*)

### Arguments

number |
Required. The positive numerical value for which you want the natural logarithm. |

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Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904. Example, e^2 equals 7.389056099 Formula in cell C3: […]

Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904. Example, e^2 equals 7.389056099 Formula in cell C3: […]

## Functions in this article

### Functions in 'Math and trigonometry' category

The LN function function is one of many functions in the 'Math and trigonometry' category.

Converts negative numbers to positive numbers.

Calculates the arccosine, or inverse cosine, of a number.

Calculates the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number.

Calculates the inverse cotangent of a number.

Calculates the inverse hyperbolic cotangent of a number.

Perform different specific functions to a list or database.

CalculatesÂ the arcsine of a number.

Calculates the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number.

Calculates the arctangent of a number.

Calculates the arctangent of an angle using specific x- and y-coordinates.

Calculates theÂ inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number.

Converts a number into a text representation with a given radix (base).

Rounds a number up to its nearest multiple.

Returns the number of combinations for a specific number of elements out of a larger group.

CalculatesÂ the number of combinations for a given number of elements from a larger group of elements.

Calculates the cosine of an angle.

Calculates the hyperbolic cosine of a number.

Calculates the cotangent of an angle specified in radians.

Calculates the hyperbolic cotangent of a hyperbolic angle.

Calculates theÂ cosecant of an angle (radians).

Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number.

Calculates degrees from radians.

Rounds a number up to the nearest even whole number.

Returns e raised to the power of a number, e equals 2.71828182845904.

Returns the factorial of a number.

Returns the double factorial of a number.

Rounds a number to the specified number of decimals, formats the number in decimal format using a period and commas, and returns the result as text.

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance.

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or nearest multiple of significance.

Calculates the greatestÂ common divisor that divides all given arguments without a remainder.

Removes the decimal part from positive numbers and returns the whole number (integer) except negative values are rounded down to the nearest integer.

Calculates the least common multiple. The least common multiple is the smallest positive integer that is a multiple of all integer arguments. Use the LCM function to find fractions with different denominators.

Lets you name intermediate calculation results which can shorten formulas considerably and improve performance.

Calculates the natural logarithm of a number. Natural logarithms are based on the constant e.

Calculates the logarithm of a number to a specific base.

Calculates the logarithm of a number using the base 10.

Calculates the inverse matrix for a given array.

CalculatesÂ the matrix product of two arrays, an array as the same number of rows as array1 and columns as array2.

Returns the remainder after a number is divided by divisor.

Calculates a number rounded to a given multiple.

Calculates the ratio of the factorial of a sum of values to the product of factorials.

CalculatesÂ the identity matrix for a given dimension

Returns the number pi (Â¶).

Calculates a number raised to a power.

Returns the product of the numbers given in the argument.

Returns the integer portion of a division.

Converts degrees to radians.

Calculates a random real number greater than or equal to 0 and less than 1.

Creates an array of random numbers

Returns a random whole number between the numbers you specify.

Rounds a number based on the number of digits you specify.

Rounds a number down based on the number of digits to which you want to round the number.

Calculates a number rounded up based on the number of digits to which you want to round the number.

Calculates the secant of an angle.

Calculates the hyperbolic secant of an angle.

Creates a list of sequential numbers

Calculates the sum of a power series based on a formula.

Returns the sign of a number. 1 for a positiv number, 0 (zero) for a 0 (zero) and -1 for a negative number.

Calculates the sine of an angle.

Calculates the hyperbolic sine of a number.

Calculates the positive square root.

Returns a subtotal from a list or database, you can choose from a variety ofÂ arguments that determine what you want the function to do.

Allows you to add numerical values, the function returns the sum in the cell it is entered in. The SUM function is cleverly designed to ignore text and boolean values, adding only numbers.

Sums numerical values based on a condition.

Adds numbers based on criteria.

Calculates the product of corresponding values and then returns the sum of each multiplication.

Calculates the sum of the squares of the arguments.

Calculates the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.

Calculates the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays.

Calculates the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays.

Calculates the tangent of an angle.

CalculatesÂ the hyperbolic tangent of a number.

Removes the fractional part of the number to an integer.

### Excel function categories

Excel functions that let you resize, combine, and shape arrays.

Functions for backward compatibility with earlier Excel versions. Compatibility functions are replaced with newer functions with improved accuracy. Use the new functions if compatibility isn't required.

Perform basic operations to a database-like structure.

Functions that let you perform calculations to Excel date and time values.

Let's you manipulate binary numbers, convert values between different numeral systems, and calculate imaginary numbers.

Calculate present value, interest, accumulated interest, principal, accumulated principal, depreciation, payment, price, growth, yield for securities, and other financial calculations.

Functions that let you get information from a cell, formatting, formula, worksheet, workbook, filepath, and other entitites.

Functions that let you return and manipulate logical values, and also control formula calculations based on logical expressions.

These functions let you sort, lookup, get external data like stock quotes, filter values based a condition or criteria, and get the relative position of a given value in a specific cell range. They also let you calculate row, column, and other properties of cell references.

You will find functions in this category that calculates random values, round numerical values, create sequential numbers, trigonometry, and more.

Calculate distributions, binomial distributions, exponential distribution, probabilities, variance, covariance, confidence interval, frequency, geometric mean, standard deviation, average, median, and other statistical metrics.

Functions that let you manipulate text values, substitute strings, find string in value, extract a substring in a string, convert characters to ANSI code among other functions.

Get data from the internet, extract data from an XML string and more.

## Excel categories

Latest updated articles.

More than 300 Excel functions with detailed information including syntax, arguments, return values, and examples for most of the functions used in Excel formulas.

More than 1300 formulas organized in subcategories.

Excel Tables simplifies your work with data, adding or removing data, filtering, totals, sorting, enhance readability using cell formatting, cell references, formulas, and more.

Allows you to filter data based on selected value , a given text, or other criteria. It also lets you filter existing data or move filtered values to a new location.

Lets you control what a user can type into a cell. It allows you to specifiy conditions and show a custom message if entered data is not valid.

Lets the user work more efficiently by showing a list that the user can select a value from. This lets you control what is shown in the list and is faster than typing into a cell.

Lets you name one or more cells, this makes it easier to find cells using the Name box, read and understand formulas containing names instead of cell references.

The Excel Solver is a free add-in that uses objective cells, constraints based on formulas on a worksheet to perform what-if analysis and other decision problems like permutations and combinations.

An Excel feature that lets you visualize data in a graph.

Format cells or cell values based a condition or criteria, there a multiple built-in Conditional Formatting tools you can use or use a custom-made conditional formatting formula.

Lets you quickly summarize vast amounts of data in a very user-friendly way. This powerful Excel feature lets you then analyze, organize and categorize important data efficiently.

VBA stands for Visual Basic for Applications and is a computer programming language developed by Microsoft, it allows you to automate time-consuming tasks and create custom functions.

A program or subroutine built in VBA that anyone can create. Use the macro-recorder to quickly create your own VBA macros.

UDF stands for User Defined Functions and is custom built functions anyone can create.

A list of all published articles.

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