## Convert column number to column letter

Use the following formula to convert a column number to a column letter:

The formula is entered in cell D3 shown in the image above, the column number is in cell B3.

### Explaining formula in cell D3

You can follow along if you start the "Evaluate Formula" tool. You will find it on tab "Formula" on the ribbon.

Click "Evaluate" button to move to the next calculation step.

#### Step 1 - Create a relative cell reference based on row and column number

The ADDRESS function returns a cell reference depending on what you use in the first (row) and second (column) argument.

The third argument lets you choose the type of cell reference the ADDRESS function returns. 4 is a relative cell reference.

ADDRESS(1, B3, 4)

becomes

ADDRESS(1, 1, 4)

and returns A1.

#### Step 2 - Remove last characters based on column number

The column letters start with A and ends with XFD. A is column 1, AA is column 27, the first column reference that contains two letters.

AAA is the first column containing 3 letters and the corresponding column number is 703.

The MATCH function returns the position in the array of the largest value that is smaller than the lookup value (B3).

MATCH(B3, {1; 27; 703})

becomes

MATCH(1, {1; 27; 703})

and returns 1. The cell reference must have a single column letter.

#### Step 3 - Extract a given number of characters from the start of the string

LEFT(ADDRESS(1, B3, 4), MATCH(B3, {1; 27; 703}))

becomes

LEFT("A1", 1)

and returns A in cell D3.

## Convert column letter to column number

The following formula converts a column letter to the corresponding column number.

Formula in cell C3:

If you don't want to use the INDIRECT function because it is volatile and may cause your worksheet to slow down considerably if used extensively, use this array formula.

If you rather use a regular formula, try this:

### Explaining formula in cell C3

#### Step 1 - Create a cell reference from a text string

The ampersand character & concatenates the value in cell B3 with 1.

The INDIRECT function converts the text string to a cell reference.

INDIRECT(B3&"1")

becomes

INDIRECT("A"&"1")

becomes

INDIRECT("A1")

and returns A1.

#### Step 2 - Return column from cell reference

COLUMN(INDIRECT(B3&"1"))

becomes

COLUMN(A1)

and returns 1 in cell C3.

## Convert column number to column letter (VBA)

User defined function in cell C3:

#### VBA code

Function ColumnLetter(col As Integer) As String ColumnLetter = Split(Cells(1, col).Address, "$")(1) End Function

#### Where to copy the code?

- Copy above custom function
- Go to VBA Editor (Alt+F11)
- Click "Insert" on the top menu
- Click "Module" to insert a module to your workbook
- Paste code into the code window
- Exit VBA Editor and return to Excel (Alt+Q)

#### Save your workbook

To be able to use the user defined function next time you open your workbook you need to save the workbook as a macro-enabled workbook.

- Click "File" on the menu, or if you have an earlier version of Excel, click the office button.
- Click "Save As"
- Click file extension drop-down list

- Change the file extension to "Excel Macro-Enabled Workbook (*.xlsm)".

## Convert column letter to column number (VBA)

User defined function in cell C3:

#### VBA code

Function ColumnNumber(col As String) As Long ColumnNumber = Columns(col).Column End Function

### Download Excel *.xlsm file

How to use absolute and relative references

What is a reference in Excel? Excel has an A1 reference style meaning columns are named letters A to XFD […]

How to quickly select a non contiguous range

A non-contiguous list is a list with occasional blank cells and that makes it harder to select the entire cell […]

How to find errors in a worksheet

Excel has great built-in features. The following one lets you search an entire worksheet for formulas that return an error. […]

Remove print preview lines (Page Breaks)

Have you ever wondered how these lines got there on a worksheet? They show where pages will break, in other […]

If your cell text is taking to much space Excel allows you to rotate text in any angle. Here are […]

How to select and delete blank cells

This article demonstrates how to select all blank cells in a given cell range and how to delete them. It […]

Create a numbered list ignoring blank cells

The formula in column B returns a running count based on values in column C. Formula in cell B3: =IF(C3<>"",COUNTA($C$3:C3),"") […]

In this article, I am going to show you two ways on how to find blank cells. Both techniques are […]

A number that is formatted as text will be left-aligned instead of right-aligned, this makes it easier for you to […]

How to quickly select blank cells

In this smaller example, column D (Category) has empty cells, shown in the picture above. If your column contains thousands of […]

### Leave a Reply

### How to comment

**How to add a formula to your comment**

<code>Insert your formula here.</code>

**Convert less than and larger than signs**

Use html character entities instead of less than and larger than signs.

< becomes < and > becomes >

**How to add VBA code to your comment**

[vb 1="vbnet" language=","]

Put your VBA code here.

[/vb]

**How to add a picture to your comment:**

Upload picture to postimage.org or imgur

Paste image link to your comment.

**Contact Oscar**

You can contact me through this contact form