# How to use the RIGHT function

**What is the RIGHT function?**

The RIGHT function extracts a specific number of characters always starting from the right.

**What is the difference between the RIGHT function and the LEFT function?**

The major difference between the LEFT and RIGHT functions in Excel is the direction they extract characters from a value:

LEFT extracts from the left side of the text string. It starts from the first character and returns the specified number of characters from the left.

RIGHT extracts from the right side of the text string. It starts from the last character and returns the specified number of characters counting backwards from the right.

LEFT is useful for extracting leading characters like codes or prefixes. RIGHT is useful for extracting ending characters like file extensions or suffixes. LEFT is a more common operation as starting characters often distinguish values, RIGHT has more advanced uses.

**What other Excel functions manipulate text?**

LEFT | RIGHT | MID | TEXTAFTER | TEXTBEFORE | TEXTSPLIT | TEXTJOIN | CONCAT

**What is the difference between the RIGHT function and the RIGHTB function?**

The RIGHT and RIGHTB functions handle character counting differently based on your default language setting in Excel. RIGHTB is designed for double-byte languages like Chinese, Japanese, Korean. It counts each double-byte character as 2 when a DBCS language is set as the default.

RIGHT always counts each character as 1, single-byte or double-byte, regardless of language setting. So RIGHTB will count each double byte character as 2 contrary to the RIGHT for the same text in a DBCS language.

Japanese, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), and Korean are some examples of languages supporting DBCS.

#### Table of Contents

## 1. RIGHT Function Syntax

RIGHT(*text*,[*num_chars*])

## 2. RIGHT Function Arguments

text |
Text string or a cell reference to a text string. |

[num_chars] |
The number of characters to extract. Optional. If this argument is not entered only the first character is extracted. |

## 3. RIGHT Function Example

The RIGHT function extracts a specific number of characters from right.

Formula in cell C7:

The image above shows the value "Brown horse" in cell B7, the RIGHT function in cell C7 extracts the five last characters from cell B7. Cell C7 shows "horse" which are the five last characters in "Brown horse".

## 4. RIGHT function not working

The RIGHT function returns #VALUE! if the *num_chars* argument is below 0 (zero).

The #NAME error appears if the function name is misspelled.

Other errors may have their origin in the source data. Check the source data for errors.

## 5. Mark each character in a value with a number from right

Formula in cell B5:

### Explaining formula

VSTACK(MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3)),1),SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3),LEN(B3),-1))

#### Step 1 - Count characters in cell

TheÂ LEN functionÂ returns the number of characters in a cell value.

Function syntax: LEN(text)

LEN(B3)

becomes

LEN("What does the fox say?")

and returns 22.

#### Step 2 - Create a sequence from 1 to 22 horizontally

TheÂ SEQUENCE functionÂ creates a list of sequential numbers.

Function syntax: SEQUENCE(rows, [columns], [start], [step])

SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3))

becomes

SEQUENCE(,22)

and returns

{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22}

#### Step 3 - Split characters in cell B3 to an array

TheÂ MID functionÂ returns a substring from a string based on theÂ starting position and the number of characters you want to extract.

Function syntax: MID(text, start_num, num_chars)

MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3)),1)

becomes

MID("What does the fox say?",{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22},1)

and returns

{"W","h","a","t"," ","d","o","e","s"," ","t","h","e"," ","f","o","x"," ","s","a","y","?"}

#### Step 4 - Stack arrays vertically

TheÂ VSTACK functionÂ combines cell ranges or arrays. Joins data to the first blank cell at the bottom of a cell range or array (vertical stacking)

Function syntax: VSTACK(array1,[array2],...)

VSTACK(MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3)),1),SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3),LEN(B3),-1))

becomes

VSTACK(MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3)),1),SEQUENCE(,22,22,-1))

becomes

VSTACK({"W","h","a","t"," ","d","o","e","s"," ","t","h","e"," ","f","o","x"," ","s","a","y","?"},{22,21,20,19,18,17,16,15,14,13,12,11,10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1})

and returns

{"W","h","a","t"," ","d","o","e","s"," ","t","h","e"," ","f","o","x"," ","s","a","y","?";22,21,20,19,18,17,16,15,14,13,12,11,10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1}

#### Step 5 - Shorten formula

TheÂ LET functionÂ lets you name intermediate calculation results which can shorten formulas considerably and improve performance.

Function syntax: LET(name1, name_value1, calculation_or_name2, [name_value2, calculation_or_name3...])

VSTACK(MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3)),1),SEQUENCE(,LEN(B3),LEN(B3),-1))

x - LEN(B3)

LET(x,LEN(B3),VSTACK(MID(B3,SEQUENCE(,x),1),SEQUENCE(,x,x,-1)))

### Useful links

RIGHT Function - Microsoft support

How to use Excel RIGHT function - formula examples

### 'RIGHT' function examples

This post explains how to lookup a value and return multiple values. No array formula required.

Table of Contents Extract first word in cell value Extract the first word in cell - return warning if not […]

Sean asks: The good thing about this formula is that it is short and easy to remember. The main drawback […]

### Functions in 'Text' category

The RIGHT function function is one of 30 functions in the 'Text' category.

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