## How to use the FREQUENCY function

The FREQUENCY function calculates how often values occur within a range of values and returns a vertical array of numbers.

It returns an array that is one more item larger than the bins_array.

### Excel Function Syntax

**FREQUENCY(***data_array*, *bins_array***)**

### Arguments

data_array |
An array or cell range for which you want to determine frequencies. |

bins_array |
The intervals which you want to group the values in. |

**Note! **The FREQUENCY function returns two or more values in a vertical array and you enter it as an array formula. Blanks and text strings are ignored.

### Example 1

**Array formula in cell range D3:D6:**

**Explaining the calculations**

FREQUENCY(*data_array*, *bins_array*)

FREQUENCY(B3:B10,C3:C5)

becomes

FREQUENCY({1; 2; 2; 5; 4; 7; 7; 10},{2; 5; 10})

and returns a vertical array of numbers: {**3**; **2**; **3**; **0**}.

There are **3** values that are smaller or equal to the first value (2) in the bins_array: 1, 2, 2.

There are **2** values that are larger than 2 and smaller or equal to the second value (5) in the bins_array: 4, 5

There are **3** values that are larger than 5 and smaller or equal to the third value (10) in the bins_array: 7, 7, 10

There are **0** (zero) values that are larger than 10 in the bins_array.

**Remember!** The FREQUENCY function returns an array of numbers and it has one more element than the bins_array. In this example the bins_array has 3 values, FREQUENCY function returns 4 values.

### Example 2

**Array formula in cell range F3:F6:**

**Explaining the calculations**

**Step 1 - Filter values**

IF(B3:B10="A",C3:C10,"")

becomes

=IF({"A"; "B"; "A"; "B"; "A"; "B"; "A"; "B"}="A",{1; 2; 2; 5; 4; 7; 7; 10},"")

and returns

{1; ""; 2; ""; 4; ""; 7; ""}

**Step 2 - Frequency**

FREQUENCY(IF(B3:B10="A",C3:C10,""),E3:E5)

becomes

FREQUENCY({1; ""; 2; ""; 4; ""; 7; ""},E3:E5)

becomes

FREQUENCY({1; ""; 2; ""; 4; ""; 7; ""},{2; 5; 7})

and returns {2; 1; 1;0}

### Download excel *.xlsx file

### Functions in this post:

**IF(**logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false]**)
**Checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE, and another value if FALSE

### Articles with the 'FREQUENCY' Function

The following 5 articles have formulas that contain the FREQUENCY function.

Count unique distinct values that meet multiple criteria

This post demonstrates how to build an array formula that counts unique distinct values based on criteria. What's on this [โฆ]

Count unique distinct values within same week, month or year

The array formula in cell E3 counts unique distinct items for all dates within the same week. Example, week 2 [โฆ]

Find the longest/shortest consecutive sequence of a value

The array formula in cell D3 returns the the length of longest consecutive sequence of a value in column A. Cell [โฆ]

Can someone explain to me why this happens? This example is working. FREQUENCY function returns {2; 1; 1}. 2 values (0.1 and [โฆ]

How to count unique distinct values based on a date

The array formula in cell D3 calculates the number of unique distinct items based on the given date in column B. [โฆ]

### Functions in 'Statistical'

The FREQUENCY function function is one of many functions in the 'Statistical' category.

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How to use the AVERAGEA function

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How to use the AVERAGEIF function

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How to use the AVERAGEIFS function

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How to use the BINOM.INV function

The BINOM.INV function calculates the minimum value for which the binomial distribution is equal to or greater than a given [โฆ]

How to use the CHISQ.DIST function

The CHISQ.DIST function calculates the probability of the chi-squared distribution. Use this function to check if a hypothesize is valid. It [โฆ]

How to use the CHISQ.DIST.RT function

The CHISQ.DIST.RT function was introduced in Excel 2010 and calculates the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution. It has replaced the [โฆ]

How to use the CHISQ.INV function

The CHISQ.INV function was introduced in Excel 2010 and calculates the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution. [โฆ]

How to use the CHISQ.INV.RT function

The CHISQ.INV.RT function was introduced in Excel 2010 and calculates the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution. [โฆ]

How to use the CHISQ.TEST function

The CHISQ.TEST function calculates the test for independence, the value returned from the chi-squared statistical distribution and the correct degrees [โฆ]

How to use the CONFIDENCE.NORM function

The CONFIDENCE.NORM function calculates the confidence interval for a population mean. Formula in cell C7: =CONFIDENCE.NORM(C3,C4,C5) Excel Function Syntax CONFIDENCE.NORM(alpha,standard_dev,size) [โฆ]

How to use the CONFIDENCE.T function

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How to use the CORREL function

The CORREL function calculates the correlation between two groups of numbers. Formula in cell B12: =CORREL(C3:C9, D3:D9) The value in cell [โฆ]

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The COUNTA function counts the non-empty or blank cells in a cell reference. The picture above demonstrates the COUNTA function [โฆ]

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Checks multiple conditions against the same number of cell ranges and counts how many times all criteria are met.

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How to use the COVARIANCE.S function

The COVARIANCE.S function calculates the sample covariance meaning the average of the products of deviations for each pair in two [โฆ]

How to use the EXPON.DIST function

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How to use the F.DIST function

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How to use the F.DIST.RT function

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How to use the F.TEST function

The F.TEST function calculates the two-tailed probability from an F-test, the value shows if the variances from two data sets [โฆ]

How to use the FORECAST.LINEAR function

The FORECAST.LINEAR function calculates a value based on existing x and y values using linear regression. Use this function to [โฆ]

How to use the FREQUENCY function

Returns how many times values exist in a given range. Note, this function returns an array of values.

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How to use the GAMMA.DIST function

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How to use the GROWTH function

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How to use the LINEST function

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How to use the LOGEST function

The LOGEST function returns an array of values representing the parameters of an exponential curve that fits your data, based [โฆ]

How to use the LOGNORM.DIST function

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How to use the MAXIFS function

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The MINA function returns the smallest number. Text values and blanks are ignored, boolean value TRUE evaluates to 1 and FALSE [โฆ]

How to use the MINIFS function

The MINIFS function calculates the smallest value based on a given set of criteria. Formula in cell E3: =MINIFS(C3:C10,B3:B10,"A") The [โฆ]

How to use the MODE.MULT function

The MODE.MULT function calculates the most frequent number in a cell range. It will return multiple numbers if they are equally [โฆ]

How to use the MODE.SNGL function

The MODE.SNGL function calculates the most frequent value in an array or cell range. Excel Function Syntax MODE.SNGL(number1,[number2],...) Arguments number1 [โฆ]

How to use the NORM.DIST function

The NORM.DIST function calculates the normal distribution for a given mean and standard deviation. Formula in cell C7: =NORM.DIST(C2,C3,C4,C5) Excel [โฆ]

How to use the NORM.INV function

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How to use the PERCENTRANK.EXC function

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How to use the PERMUTATIONA function

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The RANK.EQ function calculates the rank of a number in a list of numbers, based on its position if the [โฆ]

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How to use the STDEV.P function

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The STDEVPA function returns the standard deviation based on the entire population, including text and logical values. The standard deviation [โฆ]

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The TRIMMEAN function calculates the mean of the interior of a data set. The function excludes a percentage of data [โฆ]

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The VAR.S function tries to estimate the variance based on a sample of the population. The function ignores logical and [โฆ]

### 3 Responses to โHow to use the FREQUENCY functionโ

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**Contact Oscar**

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Oscar,

Often I see spreadsheets that have used the Histogram feature (in the Data Analysis Tools) to create a frequency distribution. Although this works, it has one major drawback: it is static. If the data changes, then the Histogram count does not update so it may be wrong.

Using the FREQUENCY function, as you demonstrate in this article, is a much better solution.

Cheers,

Bob.

[โฆ] Frequency function [โฆ]

I tried frequency function many time but it does not work as shown in Example 2.

- First, I type the formula: =Frequency(B3:B10,C:C5)

- Then I press ctrl+shift+enter

- The result is only one value of 3 instead of an array as it is supposed to be

Please tell me why? Thank you