Concatenate cell values
Joining multiple cell values in Excel is not easy, for example, the CONCATENATE function allows you to only reference a single cell in each argument.
Formula in cell B6:
Press and hold CTRL to quickly select cells you want to concatenate then click on cells you want to be included in the concatenate function.
The CTRL key saves you a little bit of time but not much if you have many cells to join.
The above example works if you don't have so many cells to add. A large range like A1:Z100 would be very tedious to add, clicking on each cell.
What can I do to speed things up? It depends on the Excel version you are using.
What options do I have?
The solutions presented in this article are for earlier versions than Excel 2016 however, if you have Excel 2016 you can now finally use the TEXTJOIN function.
What's on this page
It allows you to select an entire cell range and concatenate the values easily, without the need to select each cell as an argument.
The CONCATENATE function has been replaced with the CONCAT function in Excel 2016, it allows you to combine cells from an entire cell range.
The difference between the TEXTJOIN and CONCATENATE function is that you may specify a delimiting character in the TEXTJOIN function and ignore blank cells.
If you often concatenate values and don't have Excel 2016 I recommend using a user defined function to concatenate values. It works just like the TEXTJOIN function.
Concatenate cell values in a row
This video demonstrates how to easily concatenate values in a singlerow cell range into one cell. You will be surprised how easy it is to join cell values.
Here are the instructions for those of you that don't want to watch the video. The following picture shows you 4 values in row 1.
I know, it is a small number of values but the idea here is to show you the technique.
It is easier to demonstrate with a small number of values for obvious reasons.
Here is how to concatenate these values:
 Double click on cell C4

Select cell range A1:D1

Press function key F9 to convert the cell reference to values

Delete curly brackets: { and }

Type CONCATENATE( and an ending parenthesis )

Press Enter
Recommended reading:
Concatenate cell values based on a condition [No VBA]
Add cell values to a single cell with a condition, no VBA in this article.
Concatenate cell values based on a condition [No VBA]
Concatenate cell values in a column into a single cell
This video explains the steps to join cell values in a column into a single cell. It also demonstrates how to use a delimiting character:
Here are the instructions for those of you that don't want to watch the video.
The picture to the right shows you a part of a larger range, A1:A50 containing numbers.
You can't see all the numbers in the picture for obvious reasons.
Let us concatenate these numbers in cell range A1:A50:
 Double click on cell C2.
 Type =TRANSPOSE(A1:A50)
 Press function key F9 to convert cell range to values.
 Delete curly brackets and equal sign.
 Type =CONCATENATE( in front of all characters in the formula bar.
 Type an ending parentheses ) at the very end
=CONCATENATE(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50)  Press Enter.
Here is an image of all concatenated numbers:
The TRANSPOSE function changes the cell reference from a vertical cell range to a horizontal cell range.
A vertical cell range has a semicolon as a delimiting character and that won't work with the CONCATENATE function.
A horizontal cell range has a comma as a delimiting character, the CONCATENATE function lets you enter arguments with a comma delimiter so this works fine.
It really depends on your regional settings, some countries use the semicolon as a delimiting character between arguments in an Excel function.
Recommended article:
Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell
This article demonstrates how to find a value in a column and concatenate corresponding values on the same row. The […]
Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell
Concatenate values in a cell range into one cell
This video shows you how to join values in a multicolumn and multirow cell range into one cell:
The following picture shows you values in cell range B2:E5.
 Double click on cell B7.

Type an equal sign = and then select cell range B2:E5 with your mouse.

Press F9 to convert cell reference to values.
 Delete the equal sign and the curly brackets {}, then press Enter.
 Select cell B8
 Press CTRL + H to search and replace values, search for ; and replace with ,

Click "Replace" button.
 Type CONCATENATE( in front of all characters in cell F2 and en ending parentheses after all characters
 Press Enter
Recommended post:
Concatenate unique distinct values
The new TEXTJOIN function in excel 2016 lets you do some amazing things with arrays. This post demonstrates how to […]
Concatenate unique distinct values
Create delimiting character
It would be great if we could have a special character separating our values.
Here is how:
 Double click on cell B8.

Type =B2:E5&""

Press function key F9 to convert cell reference to values.
 Delete the equal sign and then press Enter.
 Select cell B8 again.
 Press CTRL + H to "Search and Replace".

Search for a semicolon and replace with a comma, click "Replace" button.
Do not click "Replace All", this will replace values in all cells in your workbook.
 Delete curly brackets and the last delimiting character.
 Type CONCATENATE( in front of all characters in cell B8 and en ending parentheses after all characters.
 Press Enter.
Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell
This article demonstrates how to find a value in a column and concatenate corresponding values on the same row. The […]
How to use the TEXTJOIN function
The TEXTJOIN function is a new function for office 365 subscribers, it is like the CONCATENATE function on steroids or what the CONCATENATE function […]
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How to use the TRANSPOSE function
The transpose function allows you to convert a vertical range to a horizontal range, or vice versa. A vertical range […]
Wont work.
A1:A50 will return a row array.
You will need to type =transpose(a1:a50) in cell b1 , say f9, delete the curly brackets and type concatenate
Hi, this does not work in my excel. When I type =TRANSPOSE(A1:A7) in the formula, it brings only the first cell value. On click of F9 also, no change in the value. I tried the steps mentioned by you, but could not make it. Please help me on this. Thanks in advance..
Nandhini,
Type TRANSPOSE(A1:A7) in a cell. Do not press Enter. Press F9.
Oscar, thanks a lot. It works. With a demo you replied and helped me to get knowledge on it. I really appreciate your assistance and thank you so much for your help.
=Transpose() is unnecessary. Just type =A1:A7 and hit F9 BEFORE hitting enter, to get the corresponding values in an array'd list.
Sam,
Thanks for commenting!
It works with my regional settings in excel 2007.
Oscar, In the English version the row array has a ; as a separator and a column array has a , as a separator.
=A1:A10 give ={"name1";"name2";.....;"name10"} etc
Great tip, Oscar. Surprised that Microsoft didn't fix this in the Excel 2010, but go figure. Sam, I think I had the same problem as you and I was running the evaluate (F9) by selecting just the range and not the full TRANSPOSE(A1:A50) in the formula. If you run the evaluate on just the evaluated range of A1:A50, it will keep the semicolon separator and not use the comma. But if you run the F9 by selecting the function and the range [TRANSPOSE(A1:A50)], it should work. Awesome tip, I have run into this issue many times before. Glad I now know the fix.
Michael,
Thanks!!
HI Oscar, THANKS for the tip on "Create delimiting character"! One quick question, how do I remove the space between the comma after A1 and B1? So it looks like A1,B1,C1....
Thanks!
FuWaye
FuWaye,
=TRANSPOSE(A1:A50)&","
Great tip thanks! On Office for Mac, use command+'=' instead of F9
Thanks very much. Especially the extra bit adding a separator. Will save me a lot of time.
I had to play with it a bit in Office 2010, but that F9 trick saved me hours.... Nice job !!!
Damien, Ross and Mark
Thanks!!
Thanks man! Great tip!
Nice.Thanks for your help. Only annoying thing is that the formula is limited on 8592 caracters or something like this. otherwise is just perfect with F9 function. Good job. 10x
There's another way to do it. It's a bit more cumbersome but it updates automatically (which this won't do for me) and you don't need to go through the process of selecting each cell (which can take quite awhile if there are a lot of them).
In a new cell, alongside the ones you will concatenate or anywhere else that there's enough space, set it equal to the first cell. Then in the next cell, concatenate that new cell and the second cell. Now just drag it all the way to the end and they'll all be concatenated. (I did it the other way around from the end to the beginning so the resulting string was at the beginning but it should work either way.
Like I said, it's a bit cumbersome but it updates and you don't have to select all the cells. As a plus, you can add onto it or take away from it simply by dragging without having to edit the formula again.
To concatenate e.g. A2 to A100,
the OFFSET function allows for an easier and more robust solution:
In cell B2, write:
=OFFSET(B2, 1, 0) & OFFSET(B2, 0, 1)
This will concatenate the content in the above cell, B1, and the left hand cell, A2.
Using the small cell handle in B2's bottom right hand corner, drag downwards to copy the cell as many rows as desired. In B100, the content of A2, A3, A4 ... A100 will be concatenated.
In comparison to Richard's method, this is more robust because each cell only references itself. Thus, removing a row or reordering/sorting rows will not yield a #REF! error.
In the above example, note that the cell B1 should be left empty.
This was very helpful. Thank you for sharing!
Thanks Richard. It's really nice trick.
@Richard,
If you do the repeatd concatenations downward, you can display the last one using this formula (adjust the specified ranges as needed)...
=LOOKUP(2,1/(B1:B65535""),B:B)
no need of OFFSET and similars. just use the following:
1 make B1 blank
2 on B2 enter: "= B1&A1" (obvisously without the " ")
3 click on B2, get the cell handle and drag all the way to B51
The concatenated string is in B51
Cheers... Jorge
Richard,
I believe this post describes the same method:
https://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2010/08/23/concatenatecellvaluesinexcel/
You can also use an user defined function to concatenate values:
https://www.contextures.com/rickrothsteinexcelvbatext.html
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Great tip! If only I had known this years ago.
You are a genius.
worked great
lets take over the world
Brilliant!
Awesome, you just saved me hours of work!!!!
thanks..gr8 workaround.
This post was sickeningly awesome.
Awesome seriously ... frustration is abated. My work needed I concatenate range of cells with comma. Works amazing. My regional settings needs the =transpose(a1:150)&","
Thanks much
Hello,
thanks a lot for these steps.
It helps do many things faster as other users wrote.
Michal Kalián,
Thanks for commenting!
Genius! excellent
So happy to have found this :)
Sam and Caz,
I am happy you like it!
My problem was a continuously expanding dataset of term deposits from which some values needed to be extracted to a single text string based on date for inclusion in a report. Let's say the dataset occupied columns A, B, C and D. In column E, I created an IF() function to return the report output, including a delimiter, for that entry if it lay in the wanted date range and a null "" string if it did not. The problem then was to concatenate the results in column E. I solved this by concatenating the result in each row with the value in the subsequent row thus, in cell E1, the formula looks like =CONCATENATE(IF(....),E2) where IF(....) is the formula for the output based on row 1. I then used fill down to replicate this formula in cells (E2:En) and the output in cell E1 then contains all that I need for my report. Works for any number of rows but will become slow if too many rows produce wanted output.
Alan,
Thanks for sharing!
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What if you had multiples columns which you wanted to concatenate individually?
A1 A2
B1 B2
C1 C2
.. ..
A1, B1, C1 etc
A2, B2, C2 etc
Manually doing F2 F9 across multiple columns would be painful. Is there formula or macro that can automate this?
The point of this page is to do it without a macro (vba) and, short of writing one, I don't think it can be done for multiple columns. As to the pain, the method that I and others have used involves putting a formula in only one cell, the top cell of the leftmost column, then using fill down to replicate it in the other cells of that column. Once that is done, select the column that now contains the formulas and fill right to replicate the whole column for the remaining columns. Unless your spreadsheet is huge, this should be relatively quick and easy. If your columns are not adjacent, you will have to use copy and paste instead of fill right.
Cube,
Rick Rothstein (MVP  Excel) posted a user defined function here:
https://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2010/08/23/concatenatecellvaluesinexcel/#comment5003
Great tip, its what Im looking for
I've tried to apply for multiple row but not success. could you kindly guide how to do if it is possible
data as follow:
A B C result
1 100 200 300 100200300
2 400 500 600 400500600
3 700 800 900 700800900
........................
I have a lots of rows, there is any way to apply for multiple rows?
I means, we dont need go to each cell then press F9 then delete curly brackets.
tks so much
DTNAM,
I recommend using Rick Rothstein's (MVP  Excel) user defined function here:
https://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2010/08/23/concatenatecellvaluesinexcel/#comment5003
tks so much, I just want to find out any tips to solve it
You should add a nice formula to have cells report their own reference as a string eg:
=CONCATENATE(SUBSTITUTE(ADDRESS(1,COLUMN(),4),"1",""),ROW())
Then you can easily create a string of references for further concatenation eg: put my first formula in A1 and copy the following formula into cell B1 and then copy that through to J1. The desired string is then in J1
=CONCATENATE(A1,",",CONCATENATE(SUBSTITUTE(ADDRESS(1,COLUMN(),4),"1",""),ROW()))
Two formula, no typing: copy paste x3 Done.
richard,
Thank you for you contribution.
I made a similar post a while ago that concatenates values:
https://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2010/08/23/concatenatecellvaluesinexcel/
@Rick Rothstein (MVP  Excel)
I found some confuse your recommend as below;
"@Richard,
If you do the repeatd concatenations downward, you can display the last one using this formula (adjust the specified ranges as needed)...
=LOOKUP(2,1/(B1:B65535""),B:B)"
I would like to repeated concatenations downward, as example problem
A B C D expected result
1 2 3 4 1234
M O D C MODC
I follow your recomment
Step 1 = A1:D1 and press F9
Step 2 = {1,2,3,4}
Step 3 = I type concatenate in formula field
By the way, however, I will repeated this formula in new cell (B2:D2) to get above expected result
thank you
Of course we wouldn't need any such tricks if MS wrote a DECENT concatenate function where you simply passed in a range and an optional delimiter.
I believe that the MCONCAT function (3rdparty addon) does just that. (Or I'd write my own UDF in most cases)
But if you are still wanting to create CONCATENATE formulas without VBA then certainly the little F9 trick can save time. Thanks !
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RE: Concatenate a cell range without vba in excel
Thank you! WORKS WONDERFULLY. I'm not programmingliterate so, although I have had occasion to try to understand & tackle VBA solutions, a good Macro saves me tons of time & aggravation.
(Note: The only problem I have is that I have numerous cells in the range that very frequently have null (0) values, but I DON'T want to see any of the zeros in the concatenated string/result (& there's no need for anything in the string to indicate the place that 0 would occupy). (I've set my worksheet Display Options to NOT show 0 values.) Any suggestions would be welcome & appreciated; but as it is, I can easily work around this minor issue. SO THANK YOU FOR A GREAT TIP My workaround for the 0's is to just add a step between your step 6. & 7.(below), to remove any "0" values from the transposed formula, which is easy because in my particular data they necessarily occur at the end of the string.)
BELOW is the portion of your post that helped me out so effectively, & the TRANSPOSE part under step 2 was key for me :
... RE: Let´s concatenate these values:
1.Select cell B1.
2.Type =A1:A50 in formula bar.
Edit: Depending on your regional settings, try this: =TRANSPOSE(A1:A50)
3.Press F9.
4.Delete curly brackets in formula bar.
5.Type =Concatenate( in front of all characters in formula bar.
6.Type ) at the end in formula bar.
7.Press Enter
Formula in cell B1:
=CONCATENATE("A1","B1","C1","D1","E1","F1", ...) + ENTER
Connie,
Thank you!
Use Find and Replace to remove null values (CTRL + H)
Thank you so much for this.
It has helped me with a project I am working.
Such a timesaver.
It has opened my mind to so many ideas, as well.
Thanks. Well done!!!
Gregg
Gregg Harris,
Thanks for commenting!
HiI am not getting "" around my numbers...they are just commas...is there something Im missing?
sharon,
No, you are right. Only text values have quotation marks. But you can concatenate numbers also.
Hi,
I really liked this solution.
Was wondering how to deal with a dynamic range (e.g the initial formula was =transpose(A1:A50)..., but it may become A1:60 and I still want all values concatenated with the "," delimiter.
Thanks
Sam,
Yes you can.
Download *.xlsx file
Concatenateadynamicnamedrangeandatable.xlsx
In Column A, rows 1 to 5, type the following:
red
yellow
blue
green
orage
In cell B2:
=IF(ROW()=2,A1&OFFSET(B2,1,0)&","&OFFSET(B2,0,1),OFFSET(B2,1,0)&","&OFFSET(B2,0,1))
Drag this formula down to cell B5.
Cell B5 will now contain the string "red,yellow,blue,green,orage"
Nuovella,
Yes, I have made something similar:
https://www.getdigitalhelp.com/2010/08/23/concatenatecellvaluesinexcel/
Thanks Oscar.
Hi OSCAR:
Luckly found this site and wonderful.
I have a work sheet called: Data. Column A has dates and column B has related data. New data is being added weekly based at top (current at top and older downward). Then I create chart that shows me line chart of all data (last 10 years or so), up to here no problem and I am good.
Problem I have when need to create chart of latest one year data or latest 2 years data. In this case I need to change chart series reference cell. My start date always starts at A7. What I am trying to do is enter number of weeks (assuming 52 w/yr multiply by number of years) in one cell then CONCATENATE A and number of weeks to get end date. Then concatenate Start date A7 and End date (concatenated after entering number of weeks) to get a Date range e.g. A7:A59. Up to here I am doing ok (may be I am wrong). How to link this concatenated range to chart data series, so chart will show me graph of required date range.
Any help would be appreciated. Spent almost one week searching on web to find any related help but no successful.
Here is data of my table:
Date=Colum: A Data=Column B
=================================
11/03/2014 684249
04/03/2014 656664
25/02/2014 637838
18/02/2014 657075
11/02/2014 617237
04/02/2014 602247
28/01/2014 608056
21/01/2014 663764
14/01/2014 664721
07/01/2014 630115
Kam,
I have a work sheet called: Data. Column A has dates and column B has related data. New data is being added weekly based at top (current at top and older downward). Then I create chart that shows me line chart of all data (last 10 years or so), up to here no problem and I am good.
Problem I have when need to create chart of latest one year data or latest 2 years data. In this case I need to change chart series reference cell. My start date always starts at A7.
I understand you up to this point. Anyway, perhaps this post is helpful: Make a dynamic chart for the most recent 12 months data
Oscar, thanks a lot for help. Found out way through your help.
Good work, keep it up.
Regards
Kam
Kam,
thank you.
Dear Oscar
I have the following entries in two adjacent columns:
ColA,ColB
a,one
a,two
b,three
b,four
c,five
c,six
I need concatenation of colB entries in colC, as follows:
C1:one,two
C3:three,four
C5:five,six
Thanks
I need array formula solution and not VBA code or UDFs.
Thanks
SridharVenu,
This is a regular formula.
I thought you could use a spare sheet to construct a concatenate command.
I wanted to join all the cells from D2 to EM2.
But how to get the x2,y2,z2,aa1,ab1, etc.
You can convert numeric references to cell IDs using "address"
for me I needed D2 which is 2,4
I had a column A which I autofilled with 4,5,..143
To get the relative address, D2 without any $s, use 4 for the address type.
type this in B2 =address(2,A1,4)
Autofill down by double clicking in the little square at the bottom right of the cell.
Now build the list.
in d1 type =B1
in d2 type =D1 & "," & B2
Drag the autofill to the bottom and you will end up with all the cell names seperated by commas in D139
in c139 type ="=concatenate("&D139&")"
This is a bit weird because we are constructing an excel formula with strings that look like excel formula! :)
The value of C139 will now be our big concatenation command.
Copy the cell and go to C2 on the sheet where you want the concatenate.
You now have to trick excel!
Paste value into the cell.
Excel thinks "This is a value so I'l better treat it as a literal string"
the value of C2 is now "=concatenate(B2,C3...."
Copy the cell and paste it back into C2.
Hurrah! The value of C2 is now the concatenation of all the cells that you wanted.
Autofill down to do the same to all the rows.
(This only saves typing if you have more than 30 or so columns to concatenate. :)
Hope this is of use!
Alan Gunn
Awesome Trick!
It saved my time a lot...
Thanks!
I need t to merge rows in one of my excel sheets, so after long googling this simple function has been borned and I name it MergeCells(). Calling it is simple, select the range you want to merge, and set the delimiter.
Example:
MergeCells(A23:Q23, "")
Hi,
to concatenate a column (or row) range, like, say, the strings in A1 to A50 do this:
1 on B2 enter: "= B1&A1" (obvisously without the " ")
2 click on B2 and drag all the way to B51
The concatenated string is in B51
Cheers... Jorge
jrgsampaio@gmail.com
=TRANSPOSE etc doesnt give me the ; in the final cell.
How to concatenate whole row leaving the blank cells with a delimiter ","
How to concatenate whole row leaving the blank cells with a delimiter ","
with formula
Worked just great for me. Saved me a lot of retyping. Thanks!!!!
All I had to do, was to follow the well documented instructions.
Hello to every one, since I am in fact keen of reading this blog's post to be updated regularly.
It consists of nice information.
Hello, I have one Job card file, one job card have different different items description; may be it will come 6 line or 10 line of item description like that, I need this item details should be in one cell based on the Job Card No. (Job card no will come 1 2 3 4 5 6 7............ Like that) Job card No + 10 Lines Items descriptions in one cell, then I can easily understand that job card have what are the items should be make. This file come more than 3000 job card also. that mean if I will put some equation with =CONCATENATE after I drag first the end, I can get the report like that or not in excel ?
This is Sinu Mathew, My Job Card File coming like this
Job Card No JC Dt Delivery Due Dt Customer Name Bx Type Qty in Nos
67 130416 170616 Mathew DCBg1x4B 60
157 260416 030616 Govind ML2x2x3 300
157 260416 030616 Govind Printing 1
162 240416 290516 Menon BK 1852
162 240416 290516 Menon WB5x5x2V 832
162 240416 290516 Menon OBWB5X5X2P 832
162 240416 290516 Menon Printing 1
168 270416 280516 Midun Calender 6
168 270416 280516 Midun AccFG 4
168 270416 280516 Midun PYM19 Pcs 4
168 270416 280516 Midun WB3x3x3V 3
168 270416 280516 Midun OBWB3x3x3P 3
168 270416 280516 Midun ML3x3x3 4
168 270416 280516 Midun SL1x6 15
168 270416 280516 Midun DCL Lantern1X8B 6
168 270416 280516 Midun B GE 6
168 270416 280516 Midun Ham20x20x20 2
168 270416 280516 Midun DCL Lantern1X8B 2
168 270416 280516 Midun DCM Lantern1x2B 2
168 270416 280516 Midun DCS Lantern1X1B 2
168 270416 280516 Midun SB1x2 2
168 270416 280516 Midun BK 2
168 270416 280516 Midun Midhun 1
168 270416 280516 Midun SB4x4x1 1
168 270416 280516 Midun DCL Lantern1X8B 1
168 270416 280516 Midun BK3x2 1
168 270416 280516 Midun SB1x4 1
168 270416 280516 Midun S GE 1
168 270416 280516 Midun Ham30x25 1
168 270416 280516 Midun Pym19 Pcs 1
168 270416 280516 Midun DCM Lantern1x2B 1
168 270416 280516 Midun DCL Lantern1X8B 1
hi sir, a1:a50 contain test data, b1:b50 contain digit. i want to print a1:a50 text data into c1 cell giving range(0 to1000), c2 range 1001 to 2000 etc based on b1:b50
thanks!
helped me out for work today
Hi Oscar,
I have one cell with some string and need to concanetate it with 38 cells... how may I do it plz help!
AIAP38KE CONSPSSC2P CONSPSSC4P CONSPSSC4S CONSPSSCS CONSPSSRTF CONSPSSS2P CONSPSSS4P CONSPSSSNE CONSPSSSNT CONSPSSSPB CONSSC2P CONSSC4P CONSSC4S CONSSCS CONSSCSS CONSSP4P CONSSP4S CONSSPC2 CONSSPCS CONSSPNB CONSSPNE CONSSPNP CONSSPS2 CONSSS2P CONSSSNE CONSSSNP CONSSSNT CONSSSW CONSSX4P CONSSX4S CONSSXC2 CONSSXCS CONSSXNB CONSSXNE CONSSXNP CONSSXS2 CONSSDR5 CONSSDR7
to elaborate...
I want the string "AIAP38KE"
with all the CONXXx"AIAP38KE"
[…] This page helped with quickly making a long CONCATENATE list. […]
Your CONCATENATE and TRANSPOSE formulas are exactly what I needed! I've been getting SO annoyed trying to do this and your solution is perfect! You have totally made my day, thank you!