## Lookup and return multiple sorted values based on corresponding values in another column

This article demonstrates a formula that extracts values based on a condition and sorts the returned values based on values in another column. This article also explains how to apply a filter and sorting to an Excel Table manually.

**What's on this page**

*Hi Oscar,*

* Thanks for creating such a helpful website and I've a question if I would like to return the value with a prefix order would it possible? If not can I just add another column in the data and used it as part of the search criteria?*

The array formula in cell G5 looks for the value Japan (cell G2) in column B and returns corresponding values in column D, sorted ascending by the numbers in column C.

Formula in cell G5:

Formula in cell F5:

You can change the sort order to descending by replacing the SMALL function with the LARGE function.

#### How to enter an array formula

Excel 365 subscribers do not need to enter the formulas as array formulas.

- Copy above formula for cell G5 (Ctrl + c).
- Double click cell G5.
- Paste array formula (CTRL + v).
- Press and hold CTRL + SHIFT simultaneously.
- Press Enter once.
- Release all keys.

The formula now has curly brackets before and after the array formula {=*array_formula*}, if you did the above steps correctly.

#### How to copy array formula to cells below

- Select cell G5.
- Copy cell (Ctrl + c).
- Select cell range G6:G11.
- Paste (Ctrl + v).

### Explaining array formula in cell G5

The "Evaluate Formula" tool is great for troubleshooting and examining formulas. Select the cell containing the formula you want to debug. Go to tab "Formulas", click the "Evaluate Formula" button.

A dialog box appears, see image above. Click the "Evaluate" button move to the next calculation step, underlined expression will be evaluated next when you click the "Evaluate" button.

Text in italic is the most recent evaluated expression. Keep clicking the "Evaluate" button to see all steps, click "Close" button to dismiss the dialog box.

#### Step 1 - Filter sort numbers for selected country

The IF function returns one value if the logical expression returns TRUE and another value if FALSE.

IF(*logical_test*, *valie_if_true*, *value_if_false*)

IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14,$C$3:$C$14,"")

becomes

{20; ""; 8; 19; ""; 13; ""; 3; 7; 18; ""; ""}

This array is shown in column E in the image above. Only values from column C are shown based on the condition in cell G2 and the corresponding value in column B.

#### Step 2 - Find k-th smallest value in the array

The SMALL function returns the k-th smallest number from a cell range or an array.

SMALL(*array*, *k*)

SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14,""), ROW(A1))

becomes

SMALL({20; ""; 8; 19; ""; 13; ""; 3; 7; 18; ""; ""}, ROW(A1))

becomes

SMALL({20; ""; 8; 19; ""; 13; ""; 3; 7; 18; ""; ""}, 1)

and returns 3.

ROW(A1) changes as we copy the cell to cells below, this makes the array formula dynamic meaning a new value will be returned in each cell.

#### Step 3 - Find the relative position of the k-th smallest value in array

The MATCH function finds the relative position of a value in a column or array.

MATCH(*lookup_value*, *lookup_array*, *[match_type]*)

MATCH(SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""),ROW(A1)), IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""), 0)

becomes

MATCH(3, IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""), 0)

becomes

MATCH(3, {20; ""; 8; 19; ""; 13; ""; 3; 7; 18; ""; ""}, 0)

and returns 8. Number 3 is the eigth value in the array.

#### Step 4 - Return Item

The INDEX function returns a value based on row and column numbers.

INDEX($D$3:$D$14, MATCH(SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""),ROW(A1)), IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""), 0))

becomes

INDEX($D$3:$D$14, 8)

becomes

INDEX({"A"; "B"; "C"; "D"; "E"; "I"; "G"; "H"; "I"; "J"; "K"; "L"}, 8)

and returns H in cell G5.

### Filter and sort using an Excel Table

The image above shows an Excel Table with a filter applied to column B (Country) and sorting applied to column C (Sort order).

#### How to create an Excel Table

- Click on any value in the data set.
- Press CTRL + T to open the "Create Table" dialog box.
- Press OK button to apply settings and create an Excel Table.

#### How to filter an Excel Table based on a condition

- Click the arrow button next to the column header name you want to filter.
- Disable all checkboxes except the condition you want to use. I want to filter the table based on item "Japan".
Note, click the "(Select All)" checkbox to deselect all checkboxes. This saves you time if you have many checkboxes to deselect.

- Click "OK" button to apply filter conditions.

#### How to sort a filtered Excel Table

- Click on the arrow next to the column header name you want to sort by.
- Click on "Sort Smallest to Largest" or "Sort Largest to Smallest".
- Click OK button to apply sorting.

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### 16 Responses to “Lookup and return multiple sorted values based on corresponding values in another column”

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**Contact Oscar**

You can contact me through this contact form

Hi Oscar,

This is a brilliant solution and it has help me save couple of my hairs (else will be scratching of my head on how this can be done).

Your commitment has really help us grow in out Excel knowledge and I sincerely would like to thank you for doing this.

Best Regards,

Pat

Pat,

thank you!

No array formulas

F5:

=INDEX(MOD(SMALL(($B$3:$B$14=$G$2)*($C$3:$C$14)+($B$3:$B$14<>$G$2)*10^10,ROW(A1)),10^10),0)

G5:

=IFERROR(INDEX($D$3:$D$14,MATCH(F5,INDEX(($B$3:$B$14=$G$2)*($C$3:$C$14)+($B$3:$B$14<>$G$2)*10^10,0),0),0),0)

I hope it useful

Hung,

Your formulas work, thank you for your contribution!

Mr. Oscar

Your works are all wonderful

mahmoud-lee

Thank you!

hi Oscar,

can it be sort for alphabet

momoe,

yes it can.

Array formula in cell F5:

=INDEX($D$3:$D$14, MATCH(SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, COUNTIF($D$3:$D$14, "<"&$D$3:$D$14), ""), ROW(A1)), IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, COUNTIF($D$3:$D$14, "<"&$D$3:$D$14), ""), 0))

Array formula in cell G5:

=SMALL(IF(($G$2=$B$3:$B$14)*(F5=$D$3:$D$14), $C$3:$C$14, ""),COUNTIF($F$5:F5, F5))

Download *.xlsx file

Lookup-and-return-multiple-values-sorted-in-a-custom-order_q2.xlsx

hi Oscar, thank you.

how about lookup two value and sorted the number from small to large

Hi Oscar,

Thanks for your many great solutions.

I am trying to achieve something similar to this post, but with one major difference. Instead of sorting my results small to large or vice versa, I want only to place those results that meet a specific criteria (from another cell) at the top of the list of results, and all other results can follow in any order.

Can you help?

Simon, why would you want to include results that don't match your criteria?

Hi Oscar,

Thanks for your reply. I hadn't really appreciated that there might be some confusion over this, but I can see now!

I have an array formula, which retrieves records based on two criteria - Project Name & Status. Here is a version of the formula:

{=IF(COUNTIFS(DrugList[Project Name],$B$19,DrugList[Status],$A$24)<ROWS($C$25:C25),"",INDEX(DrugList[BNF Code],SMALL(IF((DrugList[Project Name]=$B$19)+(DrugList[Status]=$A$24)=2,ROW(DrugList[BNF Code])-1),ROW(A1))))}

This can return none, one or many (twenty or more) records, which are displayed in a list format. I want to display all of these records for comparison purposes.

However, some of the records are more important, as they match a third criteria (Strength), which is not currently included in the formula. The value for this third criteria can be referenced from a specific cell ($E$19), and regularly changes dependant upon slicer selections. The results will often contain more than one match with this third criteria, as well as many results that match the two in the array formula, but not the third criteria. I would like to be able to display all of the results which match the first two criteria in the formula (which the formula currently does), AND have the results that match the third criteria appear at the top of that list of results, with all other results displayed below, in any order.

What I can't work out, is how to get those results which match the third criteria as well as the other two, to the top of the list.

I hope that makes sense. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Simon,

I hope this will be helpful.

Array formula in cell E6:

=INDEX($A$2:$C$9, IF(COUNTIFS($A$2:$A$9, $F$2, $B$2:$B$9, $F$3)>=ROWS($A$1:$A1), SMALL(IF(($A$2:$A$9=$F$2)*($B$2:$B$9=$F$3), MATCH(ROW($A$2:$A$9), ROW($A$2:$A$9)), ""), ROW(A1)), SMALL(IF(($A$2:$A$9=$F$2)*($B$2:$B$9<>$F$3), MATCH(ROW($A$2:$A$9), ROW($A$2:$A$9)), ""), ROW(A1)-COUNTIF($F$5:$F5, $F$3))), COLUMNS($A$1:A1))

What formula is in the F6 for your last replay?

Many thanks,

Dritan,

I am not sure I understand? Replay?

The formula in cell F5:

=SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""),ROW(A1))

changes automatically to

=SMALL(IF($G$2=$B$3:$B$14, $C$3:$C$14, ""),ROW(A2))

in cell F6 when you copy cell F5 and paste to cells below.

Hi Oscar,

Thanks for your many great solutions. I am attempting to return multiple values sorted in a custom order (as you showed us in this post), but with 2 lookup criteria instead of 1. Is this possible?