## How to highlight weekends [Conditional Formatting]

The image above shows conditional formatting applied to cell range C8:C20, it highlights cells containing dates that fall on Saturdays and Sundays.

Conditional formatting formula

### How to apply conditional formatting to cell range C3:C20

- Select cell range C3:C20.
- Go to tab "Home" on the ribbon.
- Press with left mouse button on the "Conditional Formatting" button.
- Press with left mouse button on "New Rule.." to open a dialog box.

- Press with left mouse button on "Use a formula to determine which cells to format".
- Type the formula. (See above).
- Press with left mouse button on "Format..." button and choose a formatting.
- Press with left mouse button on OK button twice.

### Explaining conditional formatting formula

#### Step 1 - Identify day of the week

The WEEKDAY function returns 1 to 7 based on a date's day of the week, the second argument tells the function which day a week begins on. Using 2 as the second argument makes the week start on a Monday.

WEEKDAY(C3,2)

becomes

WEEKDAY(43101,2)

and returns 1.

The number calculated by the WEEKDAY function tells us which day of week a date is:

1 - Monday

2 - Tuesday

3 - Wednesday

4 - Thursday

5 - Friday

6 - Saturday

7 - Sunday

#### Step 2 - Check if the number is larger than 5

The larger than sign checks if the weekday function is larger than 5. If the number is larger than 5 then it must be a Saturday or Sunday, see list above.

WEEKDAY(C3,2)>5

becomes

1>5 and returns FALSE.

#### Step 3 - Boolean value determines if the cell is highlighted

If the logical expression returns TRUE then the cell is highlighted and FALSE nothing happens.

### How to highlight record when a date falls on a weekend

Conditional formatting formula applied to cell range B3:D20

This formula is almost as the first formula, except there is a dollar sign in front of the B (column number). This makes the column absolute meaning the cell reference doesn't change when the Conditional Formatting moves to the next column. It only changes when it moves to a new row.

Example,

Cell |
Formula |

B3 | =WEEKDAY($B3,2)>5 |

C3 | =WEEKDAY($B3,2)>5 |

D3 | =WEEKDAY($B3,2)>5 |

B4 | =WEEKDAY($B4,2)>5 |

C4 | =WEEKDAY($B4,2)>5 |

D4 | =WEEKDAY($B4,2)>5 |

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