# How to use the TEXTJOIN function

The TEXTJOIN function is a relatively new function introduced in Excel 2019, it is like the CONCATENATE function on steroids or what the CONCATENATE function should have been from the beginning.

It allows you to combine text strings from multiple cell ranges and also use delimiting characters if you want. Not only that, you can also use it in array formulas.

### Excel Function Syntax

TEXTJOIN(*delimiter*, *ignore_empty*, *text1*, *[text2]*, ...)

### Arguments

delimiter |
Required. The delimiting character or characters you want to use. |

ignore_empty |
Required. True lets you ignore empty cells in the third argument, False adds empty cells to the output. |

text1 |
Required. The cell range you want to concatenate. |

[text2] |
Optional. Up to 254 additional cell ranges. |

### Comments

The similar CONCATENATEÂ function forced you to select each cell in orderÂ to join text strings, see picture below. If you had to combine many many cells this function was not option,Â you had to use a custom vba function.

You can use the TEXTJOINÂ function with a cell range or multiple cell ranges, this may save you a lot of time if you are working with many cells.

**What's on this page**

## 1. How to join cell values without a delimiting character

The first argument in the TEXTJOIN function is the delimiter, the example above shows you the result in cell C4 if you use no delimiting characters.

The second argument lets you choose between TRUE or FALSE, if TRUE it will ignore empty cells. The third argument is the cell range.

The following article shows you how to add unique distinct values to a cell using the TEXTJOIN function:

Concatenate unique distinct values

This article demonstrates Excel formulas that extract unique distinct values from a cell range and concatenates the values using any […]

Concatenate unique distinct values

## 2. How to concatenate cell values ignoring empty cells

This picture shows you the TEXTJOINÂ function combining multiple cell ranges with a delimiting text string. It also ignores the empty cell A5. You can useÂ up to 252 cell ranges.

## 3. How to concatenate values based on a condition

It is possible to use this function in an array formula, here is a simple demonstration.

You can see that the third argument contains:

This IF function checks if the numbers in cell range A1:A9 are above 5 and if they are the corresponding valueÂ in cell range B1:B9 is returned.

Numbers 6,7,8 and 9 are larger than 5 so corresponding characters F, G, H and I are combined using the delimiting characters "--".

This post demonstrates how to do a lookup and concatenate returning values:

Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell

This article demonstrates how to find a value in a column and concatenate corresponding values on the same row. The […]

Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell

## 4. TEXTJOIN function VBA for previous Excel versions

The following user defined function (udf) allows you to combine text strings just like the TEXTJOINÂ function.

Why would you want to use this udf? TEXTJOIN function is only available in Excel 365, previous excel versions are missing this function.

**4.1 VBA code**

'Name User Defined Function, specify parameters and declare data types Function TEXTJOIN(delimiter As String, ignore_empty As Boolean, ParamArray cell_ar() As Variant) 'For each statement, iterate through each cell range For Each cellrng In cell_ar 'For each statement, iterate through each cell in cell range For Each cell In cellrng 'If ... Then ... Else ... End If statement 'Check if parameter ignore_empty is equal to boolean value False If ignore_empty = False Then 'Concatenate cell value and delimiter with variable result and save to result result = result & cell & delimiter 'Go here if ignore_empty is not equal to False Else 'Check if cell value is not equal to nothing If cell <> "" Then 'Concatenate cell value and delimiter with variable result and save to result result = result & cell & delimiter End If End If 'Continue with next cell value Next cell 'Continue with next cell range Next cellrng 'Remove last delimiter in variable result and return values to worksheet TEXTJOIN = Left(result, Len(result) - Len(delimiter)) End Function

**4.2 Where do I put this code?**

- Press Alt + F11 to open the Visual Basic Editor (VBE).
- Press with left mouse button on "Insert" on the menu.
- Press with left mouse button on "Module".
- Copy code above.
- Paste it to the code module.
- Exit VB Editor.

**4.3 How do I use it?**

- Select a cell.
- Type Textjoin(
- Type your three arguments and ending parentheses.
- Press Enter.

**4.4 UDF arguments**

*delimiter* - A text string, if you want nothing type ""

*ignore_empty* - If TRUE it ignores empty cells

text1, text2, ... - A cell range or multiple cell ranges. Use a comma to separate them.

### 4.5 UDF Syntax

TEXTJOIN(*delimiter*, *ignore_empty, [text1, text2, ...])*

### Articles with the 'TEXTJOIN' Function

The following 4 articles have formulas that contain the TEXTJOIN function.

Lookup and return multiple values concatenated into one cell

This article demonstrates how to find a value in a column and concatenate corresponding values on the same row. The […]

Joining multiple cell values in Excel is not easy, for example, the CONCATENATE function allows you to only reference a […]

Concatenate unique distinct values

This article demonstrates Excel formulas that extract unique distinct values from a cell range and concatenates the values using any […]

Working with classic ciphers in Excel

What's on this page Reverse text Insert random characters Convert letters to numbers How to shuffle characters in the alphabet […]

### Functions in 'Text'

The TEXTJOIN function function is one of many functions in the 'Text' category.

The ASC function converts full-width (double-byte) characters to half-width (single-byte) characters. This function is for double-byte character set (DBCS) languages. […]

Use CHAR function to convert aÂ number to the corresponding character. This is determined by your computers character set. Windows ANSI […]

The CLEAN function deletes nonprintable characters in a value, more specifically, it is designed to delete the first 32 nonprinting […]

The CODE function returns a specific number for the first character ofÂ the text argument, determined by your computers character set. […]

How to use the CONCAT function

The CONCAT function concatenates values from multiple cells. There is, however, no delimiting character or a way to ignore empty […]

How to use the CONCATENATE function

The CONCATENATE function lets you add text strings into one single text string. The function has been replaced by the […]

The EXACT function allows you to check if two values are precisely the same, it returns TRUE or FALSE. The […]

The FIND functionÂ returns the position of a specific string in another string, reading left to right. Note, the FIND function […]

The FIXED function rounds a number to the specified number of decimals, formats the number in decimal format using a […]

The LEFT function extracts a specific number of characters always starting from the left. Excel Function Syntax LEFT(text, [num_chars]) Arguments […]

The LEN function returns the number of characters in a cell value. Formula in cell D3: =LEN(B3) Cell B7 contains […]

The LOWER function converts a value to lower case letters. Formula in cell C3: =LOWER(B3) Excel Function Syntax LOWER(text) Arguments […]

The MID function returns a substring from a string based on theÂ starting position and the number of characters you want […]

The REPT function repeats a specific text a chosen number of times. Formula in cell D3: =REPT(B3,C3) Excel Function Syntax […]

The RIGHT function extracts a specific number of characters always starting from the right. Excel Function Syntax RIGHT(text,[num_chars]) Arguments text […]

How to use the SEARCH function

Returns a number representing the position a substring is, if found in a textstring. FIND is case sensitive and SEARCH is not.

How to use the SUBSTITUTE function

The SUBSTITUTE function replaces a specific text string in a value. Case sensitive. Formula in cell E3: =SUBSTITUTE(B3,C3,D3) Excel Function […]

The T function returns a text value if the argument is a text value. Formula in cell C3: =T(B3) The […]

This article demonstrates how to use the TEXT function in great detail. The formula in cell D3 formats the number […]

How to use the TEXTJOIN function

The TEXTJOIN function is a relatively new function introduced in Excel 2019, it is like the CONCATENATE function on steroids […]

The picture above shows you values that have multiple leading and trailing blanks, sometimes also between words. The TRIM function […]

How to use the UNICHAR function

Use the UNICHAR function to calculate a character based on a number. Excel Function Syntax UNICHAR(number) Arguments number Required. The […]

How to use the UNICODE function

Use the UNICODE function to return a Unicode number based on a character. Excel Function Syntax UNICHAR(text) Arguments text Required. […]

Converts a value toÂ upper case letters. FormulaÂ in cellÂ C3: =UPPER(B3) Excel Function Syntax UPPER(text) Arguments text Value to convert. Required. Excel […]

Converts a text string that represents a number to a number. This function is included for compatibility with other software. […]

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[…] versions to excel 2016, however if you have excel 2016 you can now finally use the much easierÂ TEXTJOIN function. Here is a larger range, A1:A50 with some […]

I followed the instructions but when I type TEXTJOIN( in a cell I get an error "Ambiguous name detected: TEXTJOIN".

I am new to using Visual Basic so am probably doing something silly but it doesn't seem to recognize the TEXTJOIN function I've created

Any ideas?

josh,

This error occurs when there are multiple UDFs with the same name in a module.

Not working for me. Get VALUE! error

lesli

Can you post your formula here?

Also after finding the function, it commits to the SS all lowercase not upper. That is an alert to me as my other functions keep the exact name case format.

I followed the instructions for TEXTJOIN unique values and got the curly brackets, but cell was empty.

It may have something to do with the fact that my array is a list of horizontal cells rather than vertical ?

I tried "column" instead of "row" in the the function but got "#value!"

Please help.

Can you post the formula?

Hi - Thanks for posting this - as I've had to make my spreadsheet backwards compatible with older versions of Excel.

I've been using this UDF for some time but have found that myself and others receive an occasional error where the first line of code (Function TEXTJOIN1(delimiter As String, ignore_empty As Boolean, ParamArray cell_ar() As Variant)) is highlighted in the VB editor with the following error being thrown on Excel opening the file: "Automation error Catastrophic failure". I've done some research and have yet to figure out why this may be throwing an error on some machines intermittently and not others. Some posts point to using 'Range' instead of 'String' ... which I've tried with no luck.

Wasn't sure if anyone else had encountered this?

Thanks!

ASmyth

"Automation error Catastrophic failure"That is an error I never have encountered or heard of before.

This StackOverflow page suggests a few solutions:

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/31888880/automation-error-catastrophic-failure-excel-vba

Hi, I have used this formula {=TEXTJOIN(",",TRUE,IF(I2=$A$2:$A$4785,$B$2:$B$4785,""))} to link text from different cells which has worked for the most of my data, but for some I get the #Value error appear. I cannot see why I am getting this as the cells are formatted the same and there is nothing seemingly different. Any ideas?

Thanks and thanks for creating the above, its really useful

Is there a way to use the textjoin function with more than 3000 records?

Mike,

The TEXTJOIN function returns a #VALUE! error if the returned value has more than 32767 characters.

https://support.office.com/en-us/article/textjoin-function-357b449a-ec91-49d0-80c3-0e8fc845691c

Hello,

I have used the VBA to add this formula to an older Excel. I have one issue with it though, blank columns return a #VALUE! error.

I use the formula to add all the items in rows in a range

=TEXTJOIN(" ",TRUEX5:X48)

Each column from X to BC has this formula in it. Not every column is used every day, but the product changes day by day. Is there a way to avoid this error if the column is blank?

I have found that if I make the delimiter "" then the error does not appear, but then I have spacing issues left behind.

Asslam-O-Alikum!

In Excel 2016 I used the above given VB code for txetjoin function(TEXTJOIN(delimiter, ignore_empty, text1, [text2], ...), but for ignore_empty either True or False, it is not ignoring the empty cell the example is given below:

the formula used is

=textjoin(", ",TRUE,IF(I11:I15="âœ“",B11:B15," "))

& the result is

, , , M/S Sohail Engineering Corporation, Badami Bagh, Lahore.,

kindly guide me.

This is one of the best page I have seen with excellent step by step instructions in Layman language. Thank you so much.