## Row is returned if both search strings are found on the same row

**Question:**

I want to search two columns with two search strings? The strings can be anywhere in these two columns but they both have to be somewhere on the same row to match. The search is not case sensitive.

**Answer:**

### Array formula in cell D7:

**How to create an array formula**

- Select cell D7
- Press with left mouse button on in formula bar
- Copy and paste array formula to formula bar
- Press and hold Ctrl + Shift
- Press Enter
- Release all keys

**How to copy an array formula**

- Select cell D7
- Copy the cell (Ctrl + c)
- Select cell range D7:D12
- Paste (Ctrl + v)
- Copy cell range D7:D12 (Ctrl + c)
- Select cell range E7:E12
- Paste (Ctrl + v)

### Explaining formula in cell D7

#### Step 1 - SearchÂ $B$3:$C$17 for value in cellÂ $F$2

The SEARCH function returns the relative position of the search string, if nothing found then the function returns an #VALUE! error.

SEARCH($F$2,$B$3:$C$17)

becomes

SEARCH("'i",{"Federer"," Roger "; ... ," Nicolas "})

and returns

{#VALUE!,#VALUE!; 7,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,3; 5,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,11; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 5,6; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 8,5; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 2,5; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,3}

#### Step 2 - Convert array to boolean values

The ISNUMBER function coonverts errors into TRUE and remaining values into FALSE.

ISNUMBER(SEARCH($F$2,$B$3:$C$17))*1

becomes

ISNUMBER({#VALUE!,#VALUE!; 7,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,3; 5,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,11; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 5,6; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 8,5; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; 2,5; #VALUE!,#VALUE!; #VALUE!,3})*1

becomes

{FALSE,FALSE;TRUE, FALSE; FALSE,FALSE;FALSE, TRUE;TRUE,FALSE; FALSE,TRUE; FALSE,FALSE; FALSE,FALSE; TRUE,TRUE; FALSE,FALSE; TRUE,TRUE; FALSE,FALSE; TRUE,TRUE; FALSE,FALSE; FALSE,TRUE}*1

The MMULT function can't work with boolean values, we must multiply with 1 to convert boolean values into numerical equivalents:

{0,0;1,0;0,0;0, 1;1,0;0,1; 0,0;0,0;1, 1;0,0;1,1; 0,0;1,1;0, 0;0,1}

#### Step 3 - Sum values on each row

The MMULT function sums values row-wise.

MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($F$2,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0

becomes

MMULT({0,0;1,0;0,0;0, 1;1,0;0,1; 0,0;0,0;1, 1;0,0;1,1; 0,0;1,1;0, 0;0,1},{1;1})

becomes

{0;1;0;1;1;1;0;0;2;0;2;0;2;0;1}>0

and returns

{FALSE;TRUE; FALSE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; FALSE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE}

The array is entered in column G, it is now very clear that MMULT function sums values on each row.

#### Step 4 - Search string 2

This step demonstrates the same steps 1 to 3, however, the search string is in cell E3

(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($E$3,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0)

returns

{TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE;FALSE; FALSE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE}

#### Step 5 - Multiply arrays

Both conditions must be met in other words both strings must have been found in a row, see table below.

Boolean |
Boolean |
Result |

FALSE | FALSE | 0 |

TRUE | FALSE | 0 |

TRUE | TRUE | 1 |

(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$2,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0)*(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$3,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0)

becomes

{FALSE;TRUE; FALSE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; FALSE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE}*{TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;FALSE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE;FALSE; FALSE;TRUE; TRUE;TRUE; TRUE}

and returns

{0;0; 0;0; 1;1; 0;0; 1;0; 0;0; 1;0; 1}

#### Step 6 - Replace TRUE with corresponding row number

IF((MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$2,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0)*(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$3,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0),MATCH(ROW($B$3:$C$17),ROW($B$3:$C$17)),"")

becomes

IF({0;0; 0;0; 1;1; 0;0; 1;0; 0;0; 1;0; 1},MATCH(ROW($B$3:$C$17),ROW($B$3:$C$17)),"")

becomes

IF({0;0; 0;0; 1;1; 0;0; 1;0; 0;0; 1;0; 1},{1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9;10;11;12;13;14;15},"")

and returns

{"";"";"";"";5;6;"";"";9;"";"";"";13;"";15}.

#### Step 7 - Extract k-th smallest row number

SMALL(IF((MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$2,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0)*(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($L$3,$B$3:$C$17))*1,{1;1})>0),MATCH(ROW($B$3:$C$17),ROW($B$3:$C$17)),""),ROWS($A$1:A1))

becomes

SMALL({"";"";"";"";5;6;"";"";9;"";"";"";13;"";15},ROWS($A$1:A1))

The ROWS function returns the number of rows in a cellreference, this cell reference expands when formula is copied to cells below. This makes sure a new row number is extracted and returned in each cell.

SMALL({"";"";"";"";5;6;"";"";9;"";"";"";13;"";15},1)

and returns 5.

#### Step 8 - Return value

The INDEX function gets a number based on row and column numbers.

INDEX($B$3:$C$17, SMALL(IF((MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($F$2, $B$3:$C$17))*1, {1;1})>0)*(MMULT(ISNUMBER(SEARCH($F$3, $B$3:$C$17))*1, {1;1})>0), MATCH(ROW($B$3:$C$17), ROW($B$3:$C$17)), ""), ROWS($A$1:A1)), COLUMNS($A$1:A1))

becomes

INDEX($B$3:$C$17, 5, COLUMNS($A$1:A1))

The COLUMNS function keeps track of which value to return horizontally.

INDEX($B$3:$C$17, 5, COLUMNS($A$1:A1))

becomes

INDEX($B$3:$C$17, 5, 1)

and returns "Roddick" in cell E7.

**Get Excel *.xlsx file**

Search for a text string and return multiple adjacent values

This article demonstrates array formulas that search for cell values containing a search string and returns corresponding values on the […]

Lookup with multiple criteria and return multiple search results

Question: How do I search a list containing First name column and a last name column? I want to search […]

Search and display all cells that contain multiple search strings

Jerome asks, in this blog post Search for multiple text strings in multiple cells in excel : If the list […]

Search for multiple text strings in column – AND logic

Question: How do I search a list for two text strings and return a list with where both strings occurs? […]

Search columns for a string and return records – AND logic

Question: Can expand this equation set into more than two colums of data, say if I had a first, middle […]

Return multiple matches with wildcard vlookup

Mr.Excel had a "challenge of the month" June/July 2008 about Wildcard VLOOKUP: "The data in column A contains a series […]

Search each column for a string each and return multiple records – OR logic

RU asks: Can you please suggest if i want to find out the rows with fixed value in "First Name" […]

Wildcard lookups and include or exclude criteria

This article demonstrates three different ways to filter a data set if a value contains a specific string and if […]

Search values and return value with highest level

This article demonstrates a formula that searches a table and returns a value based on its position. The value with […]

### 2 Responses to “Row is returned if both search strings are found on the same row”

### Leave a Reply

### How to comment

**How to add a formula to your comment**

<code>Insert your formula here.</code>

**Convert less than and larger than signs**

Use html character entities instead of less than and larger than signs.

< becomes < and > becomes >

**How to add VBA code to your comment**

[vb 1="vbnet" language=","]

Put your VBA code here.

[/vb]

**How to add a picture to your comment:**

Upload picture to postimage.org or imgur

Paste image link to your comment.

**Contact Oscar**

You can contact me through this contact form

How can remove #Num! Error in this "Lookup with multiple criteria and display multiple search results using excel formula"

Sanjay Vyas,

Excel 2007 and above: