## SMALL function – INDEX MATCH

The array formula in cell C11 gets 3 values in one fetch, the INDEX function allows you to do that if you enter 0 (zero) in the row or column argument. The SMALL function then calculates the k-th smallest value of these three values.

To enter an array formula, type the formula in a cell then press and hold CTRL + SHIFT simultaneously, now press Enter once. Release all keys.

The formula bar now shows the formula with a beginning and ending curly bracket telling you that you entered the formula successfully. Don't enter the curly brackets yourself.

Allow me to explain the formula, the MATCH function returns the location of a specified value in an array och cell range.

MATCH($C$10, $B$3:$B$7, 0)

becomes

MATCH("**D**",{"B";"E";"**D**";"C";"A"},0)

Value D is found in position 3 in this array: {"B";"E";"**D**";"C";"A"}

INDEX($C$3:$E$7, MATCH($C$10, $B$3:$B$7, 0), 0)

becomes

INDEX($C$3:$E$7, 3, 0)

The INDEX function then returns all values on relative row 3 in this cell range $C$3:$E$7: {590, 830, 280}

SMALL(INDEX($C$3:$E$7, MATCH($C$10, $B$3:$B$7, 0), 0), ROWS($A$1:A1))

becomes

SMALL({590, 830, 280}, 1)

and returns 280 in cell C11.

You can also use the SMALL function to match multiple values, make sure you read this post: 5 easy ways to VLOOKUP and return multiple values

### Download Excel *.xlsx file

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### 2 Responses to “SMALL function – INDEX MATCH”

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Hi,

Is there a way to do this same idea, but when your data is organized vertically? You appear to be the only person that I've seen solve my problem - which is, bring back all results based upon a specific date AND sort that data dynamically (smallest number to largest) in a separate tab without having to adjust the sorting manually. I've downloaded your file and tried to adjust the formula for my purposes, but am missing something when I do.

Report Tab:

N3 = My manually entered date field to match to

A6 = The first field where the formula & smallest results would go (Then A7, etc).

Data Tab: Fields may contain data, be empty and/or contain a formula

Column C = Date field to compare with N3 (Named range of ArrivalDate (C3 to C500))

Column A = Number to sort by. (Named range of SortCode (A3 to A500))

I've got it working today based upon the smallest row number being returned, but really want it based upon the small value first.

My formula now is: =IFERROR(INDEX(SortCode,SMALL(IF(ArrivalDate=$N$3,ROW(SortCode)),ROW(1:1))-1,),"")

Any suggestions/help are welcome. My first time using Index functionality.

Thank you so much!

Todd

Todd,

try this array formula:

=IFERROR(INDEX(SortCode,MATCH(SMALL(IF(ArrivalDate=$N$3,SortCode),ROWS($A$1:A1)),SortCode,0)),"")