## Vlookup with multiple matches returns a different value

*Article last updated on November 21, 2017*

**Linda asks in this post:** How to return multiple values using vlookup in excel

I tried using the formula above but it didn't work for me and I can't figure out how to adjust it to accomodate my needs.

Here is what I have: Data Range is in $E$1:$F$8, I would like my results in Col. B. Lookup value in column A and return the value in Col F that matches.

Since there are duplicates in Col. A I want Col. B to return the next matching value from col. F.

Essentially this is a Vlookup with multiple matches that would return a different value. Thanks for any help you can provide.

Data Range Col. A Col B

Red 2 Red

Green 6 Red

Pink 3 Red

Blue 9 Yellow

Red 7 Blue

Yellow 11 Blue

Blue 4

Red 14

**Answer:**

**Array Formula in cell B1:**

**How to enter an array formula**

- Select cell B2
- Type the formula above
- Press and hold CTRL + SHIFT
- Press Enter
- Release all keys

If you did it right, the formula now has curly brackets before and after, like this: {=array_formula}.

Copy cell B1 and paste it down as far as needed.

### Download excel sample file for this tutorial.

Vlookup-next-matching-item.xls

(Excel 97-2003 Workbook *.xls)

### Functions in this article:

**IF(logical_test,[value_if_true],[value_if_false])**

Checks whether a condition is met, and returns one value if TRUE, and another value if FALSE

**SMALL(array,k)**

Returns the k-th smallest number in this data set

**ROW(reference)**

Returns the rownumber of a reference

**INDEX(array,row_num,[column_num])**

Returns a value or reference of the cell at the intersection of a particular row and column, in a given range

**COUNTIF(range,criteria)**

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given condition

**MIN(number1,[number2])**

Returns the smallest number in a set of values. Ignores logical values and text

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this is good, but wouldn't this be much better to use COLUMN(A1)instead of countif for Horizontal result and ROW(A1)for vertical result Vertical?

What could be the difference between using Countif or Row(a1)?

Jamil,

No, how would the function know which instance of the value to get?

Is that possible if the formula add the 2nd criteria?

Azumi

Azumi,

Array formula in cell C1:=INDEX($H$1:$H$8,SMALL(IF((B1=$G$1:$G$8)*(A1=$F$1:$F$8),ROW($G$1:$G$8)-MIN(ROW($G$1:$G$8))+1,""),COUNTIFS($B$1:B1,B1,$A$1:A1,A1)))

Download excel *.xlsx fileVlookup-next-matching-item-second-critera.xlsx

can you write the formula add 2 criteria by VBA ?

because the formula is too long for me to remember

thanks

Okay, beautiful formula, thanks.....

Azumi

Azumi,

thank you

How do we include formula to remove duplicates? ie. if the data included Red 7 Red 7 Red 7 but we only want the Index to return Red 7 once.